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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 draft-ietf-l2sm-l2vpn-service-model

L2SM Working Group                                                B. Wen
Internet-Draft                                                   Comcast
Intended status: Standards Track                             G. Fioccola
Expires: August 19, 2017                                  Telecom Italia
                                                                  C. Xie
                                                           China Telecom
                                                                L. Jalil
                                                                 Verizon
                                                       February 15, 2017


              A YANG Data Model for L2VPN Service Delivery
                 draft-wen-l2sm-l2vpn-service-model-04

Abstract

   This document defines a YANG data model that can be used to configure
   a Layer 2 Provider Provisioned VPN service.

   This model is intended to be instantiated at management system to
   deliver the overall service.  This model is not a configuration model
   to be used directly on network elements, but provides an abstracted
   view of the Layer 2 VPN service configuration components.  It is up
   to a management system to take this as an input and use specific
   configurations models to configure the different network elements to
   deliver the service.  How configuration of network elements is done
   is out of scope of the document.

   The data model in this document includes support for point-to-point
   Virtual Private Wire Services (VPWS) and multipoint Virtual Private
   LAN services (VPLS) that use Pseudowires signaled using the Label
   Distribution Protocol (LDP) and the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) as
   described in RFC4761 and RFC6624.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute




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   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 19, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Tree diagram  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  The Layer 2 VPN Service Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  Applicability of the Layer 2 VPN Service Model  . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Layer 2 VPN Service Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.3.  Layer 2 VPN Service Network Topology  . . . . . . . . . .   8
     3.4.  Layer 2 VPN Ethernet Virtual Circuit Construct  . . . . .   9
   4.  Service Data Model Usage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   5.  Design of the Data Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     5.1.  Overview of Main Components of the Model  . . . . . . . .  22
       5.1.1.  Customer Information  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
       5.1.2.  VPN Service Overview  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
         5.1.2.1.  Service Type  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
         5.1.2.2.  Ethernet Connection Service Type  . . . . . . . .  25
         5.1.2.3.  VPN Service Topology  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
         5.1.2.4.  Cloud Access  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
         5.1.2.5.  Metro Network Partition . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
         5.1.2.6.  Load Balance Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
         5.1.2.7.  SVLAN ID Ethernet Tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27



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         5.1.2.8.  CVLAN ID To EVC MAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
         5.1.2.9.  Service Level MAC Limit . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
         5.1.2.10. Service Protection  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
       5.1.3.  site  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
         5.1.3.1.  Generic Site Objects  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   6.  Interaction with Other YANG Modules . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
   7.  Service Model Usage Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43
   8.  YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  48
   9.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
   10. Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
   11. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
   12. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
     12.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
     12.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

1.  Introduction

   This document defines a YANG data model for Layer 2 VPN (L2VPN)
   service configuration.  This model is intended to be instantiated at
   management system to allow a user (a customer or an application) to
   request the service from a service provider.  This model is not a
   configuration model to be used directly on network elements, but
   provides an abstracted view of the L2VPN service configuration
   components.  It is up to a management system to take this as an input
   and use specific configurations models to configure the different
   network elements to deliver the service.  How configuration of
   network elements is done is out of scope of the document.

   The data model in this document includes support for point-to-point
   Virtual Private Wire Services (VPWS) and multipoint Virtual Private
   LAN services (VPLS) that use Pseudowires signaled using the Label
   Distribution Protocol (LDP) and the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) as
   described in [RFC4761] and [RFC6624].

   Further discussion of the way that services are modelled in YANG and
   of the relationship between "customer service models" like the one
   described in this document and configuration models can be found in
   [I-D.wu-opsawg-service-model-explained].  Section 4 and Section 6
   also provide more information of how this service model could be used
   and how it fits into the overall modelling architecture.

1.1.  Terminology

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6241] and are not redefined
   here:

   o  client



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   o  configuration data

   o  server

   o  state data

   The following terms are defined in [RFC6020] and are not redefined
   here:

   o  augment

   o  data model

   o  data node

   The terminology for describing YANG data models is found in
   [RFC6020].

1.2.  Tree diagram

   A simplified graphical representation of the data model is presented
   in Section 5.

   The meaning of the symbols in these diagrams is as follows:

   o  Brackets "[" and "]" enclose list keys.

   o  Curly braces "{" and "}" contain names of optional features that
      make the corresponding node conditional.

   o  Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration
      (read-write), and "ro" state data (read-only).

   o  Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node and "*"
      denotes a "list" or "leaf-list".

   o  Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
      marked with a colon (":").

   o  Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not
      shown.

2.  Definitions

   This document uses the following terms:






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   Service Provider (SP):  The organization (usually a commercial
      undertaking) responsible for operating the network that offers VPN
      services to clients and customers.

   Customer Edge (CE) Device:  Equipment that is dedicated to a
      particular customer and is directly connected to one or more PE
      devices via attachment circuits.  A CE is usually located at the
      customer premises, and is usually dedicated to a single VPN,
      although it may support multiple VPNs if each one has separate
      attachment circuits.  The CE devices can be routers, bridges,
      switches, or hosts.

   Provider Edge (PE) Device:  Equipment managed by the SP that can
      support multiple VPNs for different customers, and is directly
      connected to one or more CE devices via attachment circuits.  A PE
      is usually located at an SP point of presence (PoP) and is managed
      by the SP.

   Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS):  A VPLS is a provider service
      that emulates the full functionality of a traditional Local Area
      Network (LAN).  A VPLS makes it possible to interconnect several
      LAN segments over a packet switched network (PSN) and makes the
      remote LAN segments behave as one single LAN.

   Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS):  A VPWS is a point-to-point
      circuit (i.e., link) connecting two CE devices.  The link is
      established as a logical through a packet switched network.  The
      CE in the customer network is connected to a PE in the provider
      network via an Attachment Circuit (AC): the AC is either a
      physical or a logical circuit.  A VPWS differs from a VPLS in that
      the VPLS is point-to-multipoint, while the VPWS is point-to-point.
      In some implementations, a set of VPWSs is used to create a multi-
      site L2VPN network.

   This document uses the following abbreviations:

   BSS:  Business Support System

   B-U-M:  Broadcast-UnknownUnicast-Multicast

   CoS:  Class of Service

   LAG:  Link Aggregation Group

   LLDP:  Link Level Discovery Protocol

   OAM:  Operations, Administration, and Maintenance




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   OSS:  Operations Support System

   PDU:  Protocol Data Unit

   QoS:  Quality of Service

   UNI:  User to Network Interface

3.  The Layer 2 VPN Service Model

   A Layer 2 VPN service is a collection of sites that are authorized to
   exchange traffic between each other over a shared infrastructure of a
   common technology.  This Layer 2 VPN service model (L2SM) provides a
   common understanding of how the corresponding Layer 2 VPN service is
   to be deployed over the shared infrastructure.

   This document presents the L2SM using the YANG data modeling language
   [RFC6020] as a formal language that is both human-readable and
   parsable by software for use with protocols such as NETCONF [RFC6241]
   and RESTCONF [RFC8040].

   This service model is limited to VPWS and VPLS based VPNs as
   described in [RFC4761] and [RFC6624].

3.1.  Applicability of the Layer 2 VPN Service Model

   The L2SM defined in this document applies to both point-to-point
   (E-Line) and multipoint-to-multipoint (E-LAN) carrier Ethernet
   services.

   Over the past decade, The MEF Forum (MEF) has published a series of
   technical specifications of Ethernet virtual circuit service
   attributes and implementation agreements between providers.  Many
   Ethernet VPN service providers worldwide have adopted these MEF
   standards and developed backoffice tools accordingly.

   Rather than introducing a new set of terminologies, the L2SM will
   align with existing MEF attributes when it's applicable.  Therefore,
   service providers can easily integrate any new application that
   leverages the L2SM data (for example, a Service Orchestrator), with
   existing BSS/OSS toolsets.  Service providers also have the option to
   generate L2SM data for current L2VPN customer circuits already
   deployed in the network.








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3.2.  Layer 2 VPN Service Types

   A Layer 2 VPN circuit can be port-based, in which case any service
   frames received from a subscriber within the contracted bandwidth
   will be delivered to the corresponding remote site, regardless of the
   customer VLAN value (C-tag) of the incoming frame.  The service
   frames can also be native Ethernet frames without a C-tag: in this
   scenario, only one Ethernet Virtual Circuit (EVC) is allowed on a
   single provider to subscriber link.

   Contrary to the above use case, incoming customer service frames may
   be split into multiple EVCs based on pre-arrangement between the
   service provider and customer.  Typically, C-tag of the incoming
   frames will serve as the service delimiter for EVC multiplexing over
   the same provider to subscriber interconnection.

   Combining the service-multiplexing attribute with the connection type
   (point-to-point or multipoint-to-multipoint), a Layer 2 VPN circuit
   may fall into one of the following service types:

   o  E-Line services: Point-to-Point Layer 2 connections.

      EPL:  In its simplest form, a port-based Ethernet Private Line
         (EPL) service provides a high degree of transparency delivering
         all customer service frames between local and remote UNIs using
         All-to-One Bundling.  All unicast/broadcast/multicast packets
         are delivered unconditionally over the EVC.  No service
         multiplexing is allowed on an EPL UNI.

      EVPL:  On the other hand, an Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL)
         service supports multiplexing more than one point-to-point, or
         even other virtual private services, on the same UNI.  Ingress
         service frames are conditionally transmitted through one of the
         EVCs based upon pre-agreed C-tag to EVC mapping.  EVPL supports
         multiple C-tags to one EVC bundling.

   o  E-LAN services: Multipoint-to-Multipoint Layer 2 connections.

      EP-LAN:  An Ethernet Private LAN Service (EP-LAN) transparently
         connects multiple subscriber sites together with All-to-One
         Bundling.  No service multiplexing is allowed on an EP-LAN UNI.

      EVP-LAN:  Some subscribers may desire more sophisticated control
         of data access between multiple sites.  An Ethernet Virtual
         Private LAN Service (EVP-LAN) allows multiple EVCs to be
         connected to from one or more of the UNIs.  Services frame
         disposition is based on C-tag to EVC mapping.  EVP-LAN supports
         multiple C-tags bundled to one EVC.



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3.3.  Layer 2 VPN Service Network Topology

   Figure 1depicts a typical service provider's physical network
   topology.  Most service providers have deployed an IP, MPLS, or
   Segment Routing (SR) multi-service core infrastructure.  Customer
   Edge (CE) devices are placed at customer premises as demarcation
   points that backhaul in-profile service frames from the subscriber
   over the access network to the Provider Edge (PE) equipment.  The
   actual transport technology or physical topology between CE and PE is
   outside the scope of the L2SM model.


    ---     ----                                                ---
   |   |   |    |                                              |   |
   | C +---+ CE |                                              | C |
   |   |   |    |              ---------                       |   |
    ---     ----\             (         )                      /---
                 \  ----     (           )     ----     ----  /
                  \|    |   (             )   |    |   |    |/
                   | PE +---+ IP/MPLS/SR  +---+ PE +---+ CE |
                  /|    |   (  Network    )   |    |   |    |\
                 /  ----     (           )     ----     ----  \
    ---     ----/             (         )                      \---
   |   |   |    |              ----+----                       |   |
   | C +---+ CE |                  |                           | C |
   |   |   |    |                --+--                         |   |
    ---     ----                | PE  |                         ---
                                 --+--
                                   |
                                 --+--
                                | CE  |
                                 --+--
                                   |
                                 --+--
                                |  C  |
                                 -----


    Figure 1: Reference Network for the Use of the L2VPN Service Model

   From the subscriber perspective, however, all the edge networks
   devices are connected over a simulated LAN environment as shown in
   Figure 2.  Broadcast and multicast packets are sent to all
   participants in the same bridge domain.







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                     C---+----+---+---C
                         |    |   |
                         |    |   |
                         |    |   |
                     C---+    C   +---C



                   Figure 2: Customer View of the L2VPN

3.4.  Layer 2 VPN Ethernet Virtual Circuit Construct

   The base model of EVC is shown in Figure 3.

   Subscriber edge network device (C) connects to the service provider's
   CE equipment.  The link between C and CE devices is referred as the
   User Network Interface (UNI).  For clarification, this is called the
   UNI-C on the subscriber side and UNI-N on the provider side.

   The service provider is obligated to deliver the original service
   frame across the network to the remote UNI-C.  All Ethernet and IP
   header information, including (but not limit to) source and
   destination MAC addresses, EtherType, VLAN (C-tag), Class-of-Service
   marking (802.1p or DSCP), etc.

   In coming service frames are first examined at UNI-N based on C-tag,
   Class-of-Services identifier, EtherType value.  Conforming packets
   are then metered against the contractual service bandwidth.  In-
   profile packets will be delivered to the remote UNI via the Ethernet
   Virtual Circuit (EVC), which spans between UNI-N and UNI-N.

   When both CEs are located in the same provider's network, a single
   operator maintains the EVC.  In this case, the EVC consists only one
   Operator Virtual Circuit (OVC).

   Typically, the CE device at customer premises is a layer 2 Ethernet
   switch or NID.  A service provider may choose to impose an outer VLAN
   tag (S-tag) into the received subscriber traffic following 802.1ad
   Q-in-Q standard, especially when Layer 2 aggregation devices exist
   between CE and PE.

   The uplink from CE to PE is referred as an Internal Network-to-
   Network Interface (I-NNI).  When 802.1ad Q-in-Q is implemented,
   Ethernet frames from CE to PE are double tagged with both provider
   and subscriber VLANs (S-tag, C-tag).

   Most service providers have deployed MPLS or SR multi-service core
   infrastructure.  Ingress service frames will be mapped to either



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   Ethernet Pseudowire (PWE) or VxLAN tunnel PE-to-PE.  The details of
   these tunneling mechanism are at the provider's discretion and not
   part of the L2SM.

   The service provider may also choose a Seamless MPLS approach to
   expand the PWE or VxLAN tunnel between UNI-N to UNI-N.

   The service provider may leverage multi-protocol BGP to auto-discover
   and signal the PWE or VxLAN tunnel end points.



                                   EVC
             :<-------------------------------------------->:
             :                                              :
             :                                              :
             :                OVC (Optional)                :
             :<-------------------------------------------->:
             :                                              :
             :                                              :
             :                  PW / VXLAN                  :
             :        :<-------------------------->:        :
             :        :                            :        :
             :        :                            :        :
             :        :          --------          :        :
             :        :         (        )         :        :
     ---     ----     ----     (          )     ----     ----     ---
    |   |   |    |   |    |   (            )   |    |   |    |   |   |
    | C +---+ CE +---+ PE +---+ IP/MPLS/SR +---+ PE +---+ CE +---+ C |
    |   |   |    |   |    |   (  Network   )   |    |   |    |   |   |
     ---     ----     ----     (          )     ----     ----     ---
      ^      ^        :         (        )         :        :
      :      :        :          --------          :        :
    UNI-C  UNI-N      :                            :        :
             :        :                            :        :
             :<------>:<-------------------------->:<------>:
              802.1ad      IP/MPLS/SR Domain        802.1ad
              q-in-q                                q-in-q


        Figure 3: Architectural Model for EVC over a Single Network

   Nevertheless, the remote site may be outside of the provider's
   service territory.  In this case, the provider may partner with the
   operator of another metro network to provide service to the off-net
   location as shown in Figure 4.





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   The first provider owns the customer relationship, thus the end-to-
   end EVC.  The EVC is comprised of two or more OVCs.  The EVC is
   partially composed of an OVC from local the UNI-C to the inter-
   provider interface.  The provider will purchase an Ethernet Access
   (E-Access) OVC from the second operator to deliver packet to the
   remote UNI-C.

   The inter-connect between the two operators edge gateway (EG) devices
   is defined as the External Network-to-Network Interface (E-NNI).


                            EVC
         :<---------------------------------------------------->:
         :                                                      :
         :                                                      :
         :       OVC (Optional)                                 :
         :<----------------------->:                            :
         :                         :                            :
         :                         :                            :
         :           PW / VXLAN    :                            :
         :    :<------------------>:                            :
         :    :                    :                            :
         :    :                    :                            :
         :    :      -----         :            -----           :
         :    :     (     )        :           (     )          :
     -   --   --   (  IP/  )   ----    ----   (  IP/  )   --   --   -
    |C+-+CE+-+PE+--+ MPLS/ +--+Edge+--+Edge+--+ MPLS/ +--+PE+-+CE+-+C|
     -   --   --   (  SR   )  |G/W |  |G/W |  (  SR   )   --   --   -
     ^    ^   :     (     )    ----    ----    (     )              ^
     :    :   :      -----         ^   ^        -----               :
    UNI  UNI  :                 ENNI   ENNI                         :
     C    N   :                    :   :                            :
          :   :                    :   :                       Remote
          :<->:<------------------>:<->:                     Customer
         802.1ad    IP/MPLS/SR    802.1ad                        Site
          q-in-q      Domain       q-in-q



       Figure 4: Architectural Model for EVC over Multiple Networks

4.  Service Data Model Usage

   The L2VPN service model provides an abstracted interface to request,
   configure, and manage the components of a L2VPN service.  The model
   is used by a customer who purchases connectivity and other services
   from an SP to communicate with that SP.




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   A typical usage for this model is to be an input to an orchestration
   layer that is responsible for translating it into configuration
   commands for the network elements that deliver/enable the service.
   The network elements may be routers, but also servers (like AAA) that
   are necessary within the network.

   The configuration of network elements may be done using the Command
   Line Interface (CLI), or any other configuration (or "southbound")
   interface such as NETCONF [RFC6241] in combination with device-
   specific and protocol-specific YANG models.

   This way of using the service model is illustrated in Figure 5 and
   described in more detail in [I-D.wu-opsawg-service-model-explained].
   The usage of this service model is not limited to this example: it
   can be used by any component of the management system, but not
   directly by network elements.

   The usage and structure of this model should be compared to the Layer
   3 VPN service model defined in [I-D.ietf-l3sm-l3vpn-service-model].
































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          ----------------------------
         | Customer Service Requester |
          ----------------------------
              |
      L2VPN   |
      Service |
      Model   |
              |
            -----------------------
           | Service Orchestration |
            -----------------------
              |
              |     Service             +-------------+
              |     Delivery    +------>| Application |
              |     Model       |       |   BSS/OSS   |
              |                 V       +-------------+
            -----------------------
           | Network Orchestration |
            -----------------------
              |            |
      +----------------+   |
      | Config manager |   |
      +----------------+   |  Device
              |            |  Models
              |            |
   --------------------------------------------
                     Network


     Figure 5: Reference Architecture for the Use of the L2VPN Service
                                   Model

   Additionally, this data model can be compared with the service
   delivery models described in [I-D.ietf-bess-l2vpn-yang] and
   [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-yang] as discussed in Section 6.

5.  Design of the Data Model

   The YANG module is divided in three main containers: customer-info,
   vpn-services, and sites.

   The customer-info defines global parameters for a specific customer.

   The vpn-svc container under vpn-services defines global parameters
   for the VPN service for a specific customer.

   A site contains at least one port (i.e., ports providing access to
   the sites defined in Section 5.1.3.1.8) and there may be multiple



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   ports in case of multihoming.  The site to port attachment is done
   through a bearer with a Layer 2 connection on top.  The bearer refers
   to properties of the attachment that are below layer 2 while the
   connection refers to layer 2 protocol oriented properties.  The
   bearer may be allocated dynamically by the service provider and the
   customer may provide some constraints or parameters to drive the
   placement.

   Authorization of traffic exchange is done through what we call a VPN
   policy or VPN topology defining routing exchange rules between sites.

   The figure below describe the overall structure of the YANG module:

module: ietf-l2vpn-svc

+--rw l2vpn-svc
   +--rw customer-info
   |  +--rw customer-info* [customer-account-number customer-name]
   |     +--rw customer-account-number          uint32
   |     +--rw customer-name                    string
   |     +--rw customer-operation-center
   |        +--rw customer-noc-street-address?  string
   |        +--rw customer-noc-phone-number
   |           +--rw main-phone-num?            uint32
   |           +--rw extension-options?         uint32
   +--rw vpn-services
   |  +--rw vpn-svc* [vpn-id]
   |     +--rw vpn-id                           svc-id
   |     +--rw svc-type?                        identityref
   |     +--rw evc-type
   |     |  +--rw evc-id?                       svc-id
   |     |  +--ro number-of-pe?                 uint32
   |     |  +--ro number-of-site?               uint32
   |     |  +--rw uni-list {uni-list}?
   |     |     +--rw uni-list* [network-access-id]
   |     |        +--rw network-access-id       string
   |     +--rw ovc-type {ovc-type}?
   |     |  +--rw ovc-list* [ovc-id]
   |     |     +--rw ovc-id                     svc-id
   |     |     +--rw on-net?                    boolean
   |     |     +--rw off-net?                   boolean
   |     +--rw ethernet-svc-type
   |     |  +--rw (ethernet-svc-type)?
   |     |     +--:(e-line)
   |     |     |  +--rw epl?                    boolean
   |     |     |  +--rw evpl?                   boolean
   |     |     +--:(e-lan)
   |     |     |  +--rw ep-lan?                 boolean



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   |     |     |  +--rw evp-lan?                boolean
   |     |     +--:(e-access)
   |     |        +--rw access-epl?             boolean
   |     |        +--rw access-evpl?            boolean
   |     +--rw svc-topo?                        identityref
   |     +--rw cloud-accesses {cloud-access}?
   |     |  +--rw cloud-access* [cloud-identifier]
   |     |     +--rw cloud-identifier           string
   |     |     +--rw (list-flavor)?
   |     |     |  +--:(permit-any)
   |     |     |  |  +--rw permit-any?          empty
   |     |     |  +--:(deny-any-except)
   |     |     |  |  +--rw permit-site* -> /l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id
   |     |     |  +--:(permit-any-except)
   |     |     |     +--rw deny-site*   -> /l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id
   |     |     +--rw authorized-sites
   |     |     |  +--rw authorized-site* [site-id]
   |     |     |     +--rw site-id      -> /l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id
   |     |     +--rw denied-sites
   |     |        +--rw denied-site* [site-id]
   |     |           +--rw site-id      -> /l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id
   |     +--rw ce-vlan-preservation
   |     +--rw metro-network-id
   |     |  +--rw inter-mkt-service?            boolean
   |     |  +--rw intra-mkt* [metro-mkt-id mkt-name]
   |     |     +--rw metro-mkt-id               uint32
   |     |     +--rw mkt-name                   string
   |     |     +--rw ovc-id?                    string
   |     +--rw L2CP-control
   |     |  +--rw stp-rstp-mstp?                control-mode
   |     |  +--rw pause?                        control-mode
   |     |  +--rw lldp?                         boolean
   |     +--rw load-balance-options
   |     |  +--rw fat-pw?                       boolean
   |     |  +--rw entropy-label?                boolean
   |     |  +--rw vxlan-source-port?            string
   |     +--rw svlan-id-ethernet-tag?           string
   |     +--rw cvlan-id-to-evc-map* [evc-id type]
   |     |  +--rw evc-id       -> /l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc/vpn-id
   |     |  +--rw type                          identityref
   |     |  +--rw cvlan-id* [vid]
   |     |     +--rw vid                        identityref
   |     +--rw service-level-mac-limit?         string
   |     +--rw service-protection
   |     |  +--rw protection-model
   |     |  +--rw peer-evc-id
   |     +--rw sla-targets
   +--rw sites



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      +--rw site* [site-id site-type]
         +--rw site-id                          string
         +--rw site-type                        identityref
         +--rw device
         |  +--rw devices* [device-id]
         |     +--rw device-id                  string
         |     +--rw site-name?                 string
         |     +--rw management
         |        +--rw address?                inet:ip-address
         |        +--rw management-transport?   identityref
         +--rw managemnt
         |  +--rw type?                         identityref
         +--rw location
         |  +--rw address?                      string
         |  +--rw zip-code?                     string
         |  +--rw state?                        string
         |  +--rw city?                         string
         |  +--rw country-code?                 string
         +--rw site-diversity {site-diversity}?
         |  +--rw groups
         |     +--rw group* [group-id]
         |        +--rw group-id                string
         +--rw vpn-policies
         |  +--rw vpn-policy* [vpn-policy-id]
         |     +--rw vpn-policy-id              string
         |     +--rw entries* [id]
         |        +--rw id                      string
         |        +--rw filter
         |        |  +--rw (lan)?
         |        |     +--:(lan-tag)
         |        |        +--rw lan-tag*       string
         |        +--rw vpn
         |           +--rw vpn-id
         |           |        -> /l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc/vpn-id
         |           +--rw site-role?           identityref
         +--rw signaling-option {signaling-option}?
         |  +--rw signaling-option* [type]
         |     +--rw type                       identityref
         |     +--rw mp-bgp-l2vpn
         |     |  +--rw vpn-id?                 svc-id
         |     |  +--rw type?                   identityref
         |     +--rw mp-bgp-evpn
         |     |  +--rw vpn-id?                 svc-id
         |     |  +--rw type?                   identityref
         |     |  +--rw mac-learning-mode?      identityref
         |     |  +--rw arp-suppress?           boolean
         |     +--rw t-ldp-pwe
         |     |  +--rw PE-EG-list* [service-ip-lo-addr vc-id]



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         |     |     +--rw service-ip-lo-addr   inet:ip-address
         |     |     +--rw vc-id                string
         |     +--rw pwe-encapsulation-type
         |     |  +--rw ethernet?               boolean
         |     |  +--rw vlan?                   boolean
         |     +--rw pwe-mtu
         |     |  +--rw allow-mtu-mismatch?     boolean
         |     +--rw control-word
         +--rw load-balance-options
         |  +--rw fat-pw?                       boolean
         |  +--rw entropy-label?                boolean
         |  +--rw vxlan-source-port?            string
         +--ro actual-site-start?               yang:date-and-time
         +--ro actual-site-stop?                yang:date-and-time
         +--rw ports
            +--rw port* [network-access-id]
               +--rw network-access-id          string
               +--rw remote-carrier-name?       string
               +--rw access-diversity {site-diversity}?
               |  +--rw groups
               |  |  +--rw fate-sharing-group-size?   uint16
               |  |  +--rw group* [group-id]
               |  |     +--rw group-id          string
               |  +--rw constraints
               |     +--rw constraint* [constraint-type]
               |        +--rw constraint-type   identityref
               |        +--rw target
               |           +--rw (target-flavor)?
               |              +--:(id)
               |              |  +--rw group* [group-id]
               |              |     +--rw group-id         string
               |              +--:(all-accesses)
               |              |  +--rw all-other-accesses? empty
               |              +--:(all-groups)
               |                 +--rw all-other-groups?   empty
               +--rw bearer
               |  +--rw requested-type {requested-type}?
               |  |  +--rw requested-type?      string
               |  |  +--rw strict?              boolean
               |  |  +--rw request-type-profile
               |  |     +--rw (request-type-choice)?
               |  |        +--:(dot1q-case)
               |  |        |  +--rw dot1q
               |  |        |     +--rw physical-if?   string
               |  |        |     +--rw vlan-id?       uint16
               |  |        +--:(physical-case)
               |  |           +--rw physical-if?      string
               |  |           +--rw circuit-id?       string



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               |  +--rw always-on?          boolean {always-on}?
               |  +--rw bearer-reference?   string {bearer-reference}?
               +--rw ethernet-connection
               |  +--rw ESI?                    string
               |  +--rw interface-description?  string
               |  +--rw vlan
               |  |  +--rw vlan-id?             uint32
               |  +--rw dot1q
               |  |  +--rw physical-inf?        string
               |  |  +--rw vlan-id?             uint32
               |  +--rw qinq
               |  |  +--rw s-vlan-id?           uint32
               |  |  +--rw c-vlan-id?           uint32
               |  +--rw sub-if-id?              uint32
               |  +--rw vxlan
               |  |  +--rw vni-id?              uint32
               |  |  +--rw peer-list* [peer-ip]
               |  |     +--rw peer-ip           inet:ip-address
               |  +--rw phy-interface
               |  |  +--rw port-number?         uint32
               |  |  +--rw port-speed?          uint32
               |  |  +--rw mode?                neg-mode
               |  |  +--rw phy-mtu?             uint32
               |  |  +--rw flow-control?        string
               |  |  +--rw encapsulation-type?  enumeration
               |  |  +--rw ethertype?           string
               |  |  +--rw lldp?                boolean
               |  |  +--rw oam-802.3AH-link {oam-3ah}?
               |  |  |  +--rw enable?           boolean
               |  |  +--rw uni-loop-prevention? boolean
               |  +--rw LAG-interface
               |     +--rw LAG-interface* [LAG-interface-number]
               |        +--rw LAG-interface-number    uint32
               |        +--rw LACP
               |           +--rw LACP-state?          boolean
               |           +--rw LACP-mode?           boolean
               |           +--rw LACP-speed?          boolean
               |           +--rw mini-link?           uint32
               |           +--rw system-priority?     uint16
               |           +--rw Micro-BFD {Micro-BFD}?
               |           |  +--rw Micro-BFD-on-off? enumeration
               |           |  +--rw bfd-interval?     uint32
               |           |  +--rw bfd-hold-timer?   uint32
               |           +--rw bfd {bfd}?
               |           |  +--rw bfd-enabled?      boolean
               |           |  +--rw (holdtime)?
               |           |     +--:(profile)
               |           |     |  +--rw profile-name?  string



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               |           |     +--:(fixed)
               |           |        +--rw fixed-value?   uint32
               |           +--rw Member-link-list
               |           |  +--rw member-link* [name]
               |           |     +--rw name           string
               |           |     +--rw port-speed?    uint32
               |           |     +--rw mode?          neg-mode
               |           |     +--rw mtu?           uint32
               |           |     +--rw oam-802.3AH-link {oam-3ah}?
               |           |        +--rw enable?     boolean
               |           +--rw flow-control?        string
               |           +--rw encapsulation-type?  enumeration
               |           +--rw ethertype?           string
               |           +--rw lldp?                boolean
               +--rw L2CP-control
               |  +--rw stp-rstp-mstp?          control-mode
               |  +--rw pause?                  control-mode
               |  +--rw lacp-lamp?              control-mode
               |  +--rw link-oam?               control-mode
               |  +--rw esmc?                   control-mode
               |  +--rw l2cp-802.1x?            control-mode
               |  +--rw e-lmi?                  control-mode
               |  +--rw lldp?                   boolean
               |  +--rw ptp-peer-delay?         control-mode
               |  +--rw garp-mrp?               control-mode
               |  +--rw provider-bridge-group?  control-mode
               |  +--rw provider-bridge-mvrp?   control-mode
               +--rw evc-mtu?                   uint32
               +--rw availability
               |  +--rw (redundancy-mode)?
               |     +--:(single-active)
               |     |  +--rw single-active?    boolean
               |     +--:(all-active)
               |        +--rw all-active?       boolean
               +--rw vpn-attachment
               |  +--rw device-id?              string
               |  +--rw management
               |  |  +--rw address-family?      identityref
               |  |  +--rw address?             inet:ip-address
               |  +--rw (attachment-flavor)
               |     +--:(vpn-id)
               |        +--rw vpn-id?
               |        |      -> /l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc/vpn-id
               |        +--rw site-role?        identityref
               +--rw service
               |  +--rw svc-input-bandwidth {input-bw}?
               |  |  +--rw input-bandwidth* [id type]
               |  |     +--rw id                string



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               |  |     +--rw type              identityref
               |  |     +--rw evc-id?           svc-id
               |  |     +--rw CIR?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw CBS?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw EIR?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw EBS?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw CM?               uint32
               |  +--rw svc-output-bandwidth {output-bw}?
               |  |  +--rw output-bandwidth* [id type]
               |  |     +--rw id                string
               |  |     +--rw type              identityref
               |  |     +--rw evc-id?           svc-id
               |  |     +--rw CIR?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw CBS?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw EIR?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw EBS?              uint32
               |  |     +--rw CM?               uint32
               |  +--rw svlan-id-ethernet-tag?  string
               |  +--rw cvlan-id-to-evc-map* [evc-id type]
               |  |  +--rw evc-id
               |  |  |         -> /l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc/vpn-id
               |  |  +--rw type                 identityref
               |  |  +--rw cvlan-id* [vid]
               |  |     +--rw vid               identityref
               |  +--rw service-level-mac-limit?          string
               |  +--rw service-multiplexing?   boolean
               |  +--rw qos {qos}?
               |     +--rw qos-classification-policy
               |     |  +--rw rule* [id]
               |     |     +--rw id             uint16
               |     |     +--rw (match-type)?
               |     |     |  +--:(match-flow)
               |     |     |  |  +--rw match-flow
               |     |     |  |     +--rw dscp?       inet:dscp
               |     |     |  |     +--rw dot1p?      uint8
               |     |     |  |     +--rw pcp?        uint8
               |     |     |  |     +--rw src-mac?    yang:mac-address
               |     |     |  |     +--rw dst-mac?    yang:mac-address
               |     |     |  |     +--rw cos-color-id
               |     |     |  |     |  +--rw device-id? string
               |     |     |  |     |  +--rw cos-label? identityref
               |     |     |  |     |  +--rw pcp?       uint8
               |     |     |  |     |  +--rw dscp?      inet:dscp
               |     |     |  |     +--rw color-type?   identityref
               |     |     |  |     +--rw target-sites* svc-id
               |     |     |  +--:(match-phy-port)
               |     |     |     +--rw match-phy-port?  uint16
               |     |     +--rw target-class-id?       string



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               |     +--rw qos-profile
               |        +--rw (qos-profile)?
               |           +--:(standard)
               |           |  +--rw ingress-profile?    string
               |           |  +--rw egress-profile?     string
               |           +--:(custom)
               |              +--rw classes {qos-custom}?
               |                 +--rw class* [class-id]
               |                    +--rw class-id      string
               |                    +--rw direction?    direction-type
               |                    +--rw policing?     identityref
               |                    +--rw byte-offset?  uint16
               |                    +--rw perf-tier-opt? identityref
               |                    +--rw rate-limit?   uint8
               |                    +--rw discard-percentage?   uint8
               |                    +--rw frame-delay
               |                    |  +--rw (flavor)?
               |                    |     +--:(lowest)
               |                    |     |  +--rw use-low-del? empty
               |                    |     +--:(boundary)
               |                    |        +--rw delay-bound? uint16
               |                    +--rw frame-jitter
               |                    |  +--rw (flavor)?
               |                    |     +--:(lowest)
               |                    |     |  +--rw use-low-jit? empty
               |                    |     +--:(boundary)
               |                    |        +--rw delay-bound? uint32
               |                    +--rw frame-loss
               |                       +--rw fr-loss-rate?  decimal64
               +--rw Ethernet-Service-OAM
               |  +--rw MD-name?                        string
               |  +--rw MD-level?                       uint8
               |  +--rw cfm-802.1-ag
               |  |  +--rw n2-uni-c* [MAID]
               |  |  |  +--rw MAID                      string
               |  |  |  +--rw mep-id?                   uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw mep-level?                uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw mep-up-down?              enumeration
               |  |  |  +--rw remote-mep-id?            uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw cos-for-cfm-pdus?         uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw ccm-interval?             uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw ccm-holdtime?             uint32
               |  |  |  +--rw alarm-priority-defect?    identityref
               |  |  |  +--rw ccm-p-bits-pri?       ccm-priority-type
               |  |  +--rw n2-uni-n* [MAID]
               |  |     +--rw MAID                      string
               |  |     +--rw mep-id?                   uint32
               |  |     +--rw mep-level?                uint32



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               |  |     +--rw mep-up-down?              enumeration
               |  |     +--rw remote-mep-id?            uint32
               |  |     +--rw cos-for-cfm-pdus?         uint32
               |  |     +--rw ccm-interval?             uint32
               |  |     +--rw ccm-holdtime?             uint32
               |  |     +--rw alarm-priority-defect?    identityref
               |  |     +--rw ccm-p-bits-pri?       ccm-priority-type
               |  +--rw y-1731* [MAID]
               |     +--rw MAID                         string
               |     +--rw mep-id?                      uint32
               |     +--rw type?                        identityref
               |     +--rw remote-mep-id?               uint32
               |     +--rw message-period?              uint32
               |     +--rw measurement-interval?        uint32
               |     +--rw cos?                         uint32
               |     +--rw loss-measurement?            boolean
               |     +--rw synthethic-loss-measurement? boolean
               |     +--rw delay-measurement
               |     |  +--rw enable-dm?                boolean
               |     |  +--rw two-way?                  boolean
               |     +--rw frame-size?                  uint32
               |     +--rw session-type?                enumeration
               +--rw security-filtering
                  +--rw mac-loop-prevention
                  |  +--rw frequency?                   uint32
                  |  +--rw protection-type?             identityref
                  |  +--rw number-retries?              uint32
                  +--rw access-control-list
                  |  +--rw mac* [mac-address]
                  |     +--rw mac-address           yang:mac-address
                  +--rw mac-addr-limit
                  |  +--rw exceeding-option?            uint32
                  +--rw B-U-M-storm-control
                     +--rw BUM-overall-rate?            uint32
                     +--rw BUM-rate-per-type* [type]
                        +--rw type                      identityref
                        +--rw rate?                     uint32


                                 Figure 6

5.1.  Overview of Main Components of the Model

   The L2SM model is structured in a way that allows the provider to
   list multiple circuits of various service types for the same
   subscriber.





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5.1.1.  Customer Information

   The "customer-info" container contains essential information to
   identify the subscriber.

   "customer-account-number" is an internal alphanumerical number
   assigned by the service provider to identify the subscriber.  It MUST
   be unique within the service provider's OSS/BSS system.  The actual
   format depends on the system tool the provider uses. "customer-name"
   is in a more readable form.

   The subscriber operation center and main contact number are also
   listed here for reference purpose.

5.1.2.  VPN Service Overview

   A vpn-service list item contains generic informations about the VPN
   service.  The vpn-id of the vpn-service refers to an internal
   reference for this VPN service.  This identifier is purely internal
   to the organization responsible for the VPN service.

   A vpn-service is composed of some characteristics:

   Service Type (vpn-type):  Used to indicate service Type.  The
      identifier is a string allowing to any encoding for the local
      administration of the VPN service.

   Ethernet Connection Service Type (eth-svc-type):  used to identify
      supported Ethernet Connection Service Types.

    Cloud Access (cloud-access):  All sites in the L2VPN MUST be
      authorized to access to the cloud.The cloud-access container
      provides parameters for authorization rules.  A cloud identifier
      is used to reference the target service.  This identifier is local
      to each administration.

   Service Topology (svc-topo):  Used to identify the type of VPN
      service topology is required for configuration.

   Metro Network Partition:  Used by service provide to divide the
      network into several administrative domains.

   VPN Signaling (vpn-signaling-option):  Defines which protocol or
      signaling must be activated between the subscriber and the
      provider.

   Load Balance (load-balance-option):  Intended to capture the load-
      balance agreement between the subscriber and provider.



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   SVLAN ID Ethernet Tag:  Used to identify the service-wide "normalized
      S-tag".

   CVLAN ID To EVC MAP:  Contains the list of customer vlans to the
      service mapping in a free-form format.  In most cases, this will
      be the VLAN access-list for the inner 802.1q tags.

   Service Level MAC Limit:  Contains the subscriber MAC address limit
      and exceeding action information.

   Service Protection (svc-protection):  Capture the desired service
      protection agreement between subscriber and provider.

5.1.2.1.  Service Type

   The "svc-type" supports two service types: one for EVC (Ethernet
   Virtual Connection) and the other for OVC (Operator Virtual
   Connection).  These two parameters are not mutually exclusive.
   Depending on the service-type, a Layer 2 VPN service may be
   identified by EVCtype, OVCtype, or both.  E-Line and E-LAN providers
   shall have an EVC-ID assigned to the UNI-to-UNI circuit.  If the
   service has remote UNIs in an off-net partner's network, there will
   be one OVC-ID for the on-net segment between the local UNI and the
   E-NNI interconnect, and one OVC-ID for each off-net segment from
   E-NNI to the remote UNI.

   E-Access, on the other hand, is an OVC-based service.  The E-Access
   service provider will assign an OVC-ID for the circuit between UNI
   and E-NNI.

   New service types could be added by augmentation.

5.1.2.1.1.  EVC

   The "evc" case contains an "evc-id" leaf and "uni-list" container.
   And the "vpn-id" will be associated with the "evc-id".  Only one
   "evc-id" is allowed for each "vpn-id".  The "evc-id" leaf will be
   specified for E-Line and E-LAN service types.  "uni-list" will
   specify the UNI list associated with the same EVC service.

   The EVC-ID is intended to be a structured string.  Each service
   provider can decide the nomenclature in its network.  In addition,
   "number of PEs" and "number of sites" can be specified under the
   "evc" container.







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5.1.2.1.2.  OVC

   The "ovc" case contains "ovc-list".  For each "ovc-list" entry, there
   are two boolean subcases ("on-net" and "off-net") and one "ovc-id"
   leaf is specified.

   For E-Access or services with off-net UNIs, the "on-net" leaf MUST be
   marked TRUE, and the "ovc-id" will be specified.

   In case of E-Access, the "vpn-id" will be associated with the on-net
   "ovc-id".  Only one on-net "ovc-id" is allowed for each "vpn-id".

   If the service is E-Line or E-LAN with remote UNIs, there will be
   one, and only one, on-net "ovc-id" and a list of off-net "ovc-id"
   objects for the remote UNIs.  However, the "vpn-id" is still
   associated with the "evc-id".  Only one "evc-id" is allowed for each
   "vpn-id".

5.1.2.2.  Ethernet Connection Service Type

   The "ethernet-svc-type" group contains all supported Ethernet
   connection service types.  One, and only one, "ethernet-svc-type" is
   selected for each "vpn-id".

   The currently supported Ethernet Connection service types are listed
   in Section 3.2.  New Ethernet Connection service types can be added
   in the future.

5.1.2.3.  VPN Service Topology

   The type of VPN service topology can be used for configuration if
   needed.  The module currently supports: any-to-any, hub and spoke
   (where hubs can exchange traffic), and hub and spoke disjoint (where
   hubs cannot exchange traffic).  New topologies could be added by
   augmentation.  By default, the any-to-any VPN service topology is
   used.

5.1.2.4.  Cloud Access

   This model provides cloud access configuration through the cloud-
   access container.  The usage of cloud-access is targeted for public
   cloud and Internet Access.  The cloud-access container provides
   parameters for authorization rules.

   Private cloud access may be addressed through the site contianer as
   described in Section 5.1.3 with the use consistent with sites of type
   E-NNI.




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   A cloud identifier is used to reference the target service.  This
   identifier is local to each administration.

5.1.2.5.  Metro Network Partition

   Some service providers may divide their networks into multiple
   administrative domains.  And a Layer 2 VPN service may span across
   more than one metro network belonging to the same service provider.
   The optional "metro-network-id" container is intended be used by
   these multi-domain providers to differentiate intra-market versus
   inter-market services.

   When the "inter-mkt-service" leaf is marked TRUE, multiple associated
   "metro-mkt-id"s will be listed.  Otherwise, the service is intra-
   domain and only one "metro-mkt-id" is allowed.

5.1.2.6.  Load Balance Option

   As the subscribers start to deploy more 10G or 100G Ethernet
   equipment in their network, the demand for high bandwidth Ethernet
   connectivity services increases.  Along with the great revenue
   opportunities, these high bandwidth service requests also pose
   challenges on capacity planning and service delivery in the
   provider's network, especially when the contractual bandwidth is at,
   or close to, the speed of physical links of the service provider's
   core network.  Because of the encapsulation overhead, the provider
   cannot deliver the throughput in the service level agreement over a
   single link.  Although there may be bundled Nx10G or Nx100G
   aggregation links between core network elements, or Equal Cost
   Multiple Paths (ECMP) in the network, an Ethernet-over-MPLS (EoMPLS)
   PWE or VxLAN circuit is considered a single flow to a router or
   switch which uses the normal IP five-tuples in the hashing algorithm.

   Without burdening the core routers with additional processing of deep
   inspection into the payload, the service provider now has the option
   of inserting a flow or entropy label into the EoMPLS frames, or using
   different source UDP ports in case of VxLAN/EVPN, at ingress PE to
   facility load-balancing on the subsequent nodes along the path.  The
   ingress PE is in a unique position to see the actual unencapsulated
   service frames and identify data flows based on the original Ethernet
   and IP header.

   On the other hand, not all Layer 2 Ethernet VPNs are suited for load-
   balancing across diverse ECMP paths.  For example, a Layer 2 Ethernet
   service transported over a single RSVP signaled Label Switched Path
   will not take multiple ECMP routes.  Or if the subscriber is
   concerned about latency/jitter, then diverse path load-balancing can
   be undesirable.



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   The optional "load-balance-option" container is used to capture the
   load-balancing agreement between the subscriber and the provider.  If
   the "load-balance" Boolean leaf is marked TRUE, then one of the
   following load-balance methods can be selected: "fat-pw", "entropy-
   label", or "vxlan-source-udp-port".

5.1.2.7.  SVLAN ID Ethernet Tag

   Service providers have the option of inserting an outer VLAN tag (the
   S-tag) into the service frames from the subscriber to improve service
   scalability and customer VLAN transparency.

   Ideally, all external interfaces (UNI and E-NNI) associated with a
   given service will have the same S-tag assigned.  However, this may
   not always be the case.  Traffic with all attachments using different
   S-tags will need to be "normalized" to a single service S-tag.  (One
   example of this is a multipoint service that involves multiple off-
   net OVCs terminating on the same E-NNI.  Each of these off-net OVCs
   will have a distinct S-tag which can be different from the S-tag used
   in the on-net part of the service.)

   The purpose of the optional "svlan-id-ethernet-tag" leaf is to
   identify the service-wide "normalized S-tag".

5.1.2.8.  CVLAN ID To EVC MAP

   When more than one service is multiplexed onto the same interface,
   ingress service frames are conditionally transmitted through one of
   the EVC/OVCs based upon pre-arranged customer VLAN to EVC mapping.
   Multiple customer VLANs can be bundled across the same EVC.

   "cvlan-id-to-evc-map", when applicable, contains the list of customer
   vlans to the service mapping in a free-form format.  In most cases,
   this will be the VLAN access-list for the inner 802.1q tag (the
   C-tag).

5.1.2.9.  Service Level MAC Limit

   When multiple services are provided on the same network element, the
   MAC address table (and the Routing Information Base space for MAC-
   routes in the case of EVPN) is a shared common resource.  Service
   providers may impose a maximum number of MAC addresses learned from
   the subscriber for a single service instance, and may specify the
   action when the upper limit is exceeded: drop the packet, flood the
   packet, or simply send a warning log message.

   For point-to-point services, if MAC learning is disabled then the MAC
   address limit is not necessary.



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   The optional "service-level-mac-limit" container contains the
   subscriber MAC address limit and information to describe the action
   when the limit is exceeded.

5.1.2.10.  Service Protection

   Sometimes the subscriber may desire end-to-end protection at the
   service level for applications with high availability requirements.
   There are two protection schemes to offer redundant services:

   o  1+1 protection: In this scheme, the primary EVC or OVC will be
      protected by a backup EVC or OVC, typically meeting certain
      diverse path/fiber/site/node criteria.  Both primary and
      protection circuits are provisioned to be in the active forwarding
      state.  The subscriber may choose to send the same service frames
      across both circuits simultaneously.

   o  1:1 protection: In this scheme, a backup circuit to the primary
      circuit is provisioned.  Depending on the implementation
      agreement, the protection circuits may either always be in active
      forwarding state, or may only become active when a faulty state is
      detected on the primary circuit.

   The optional "service-protection" container is used to capture the
   desired service protection agreement between subscriber and provider.

   An "peer-evc-id" should be specified when the "protection-model" has
   been set.

5.1.3.  site

   The "site" container is used for the provider to store information of
   detailed implementation arrangements made with either the subscriber
   or peer operators at each inter-connect location.

   We are restricting the L2SM to exterior interfaces only, so all
   internal interfaces and the underlying topology are outside the scope
   of L2SM.

   There are two possible types of external facing connections
   associated with an Ethernet VPN service.  These give rise to two
   different types of site at which the connection is made:

   o  UNI site: where a customer edge device connects to one or more VPN
      services.

   o  E-NNI site: where two Ethernet service providers inter-connect
      with each other.



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   Most of the attributes of a site are common to the two typs of site
   and so are presented just once.  Divergences (that is, attributes
   that are specific to the type of site) are captured in type-dependent
   containers.  In the text that follows, the phrase "between the
   subscriber and the provider" is used to follow the more common case
   of a UNI site, but should also be taken to apply to "between two
   providers" in the E-NNI case.

   For each site, there are sub-containers to maintain physical link
   attributes, service frame and Layer 2 control protocol frame
   disposition, Ethernet service OAM attributes, and agreements for
   service bandwidth profiles and priority levels.

5.1.3.1.  Generic Site Objects

   Typically, the following characteristics of a site interface handoff
   need to be documented as part of the service design:

   Unique identifier (site-id):  An arbitrary string to uniquely
      identify the site within the overall network infrastructure.  The
      format of site-id is determined by the local administration of the
      VPN service.

   Site Type (site-type):  Defines the way the VPN multiplexing is done.

   Device (device):  The customer can request one or more customer
      premise equipments from the service provider for a particular
      site.

   Management (management):  Defines the model of management of the
      site, for example: type, management-transport, address.

   Location (location):  The site location information to allow easy
      retrieval of data on which are the nearest available resources.

   Site diversity (site-diversity):  Presents some parameters to support
      site diversity.

   Site signaling (signaling-options):  Defines which protocol or
      signaling must be activated between the subscriber and the
      provider.

   Load balancing (load-balance-options):  Defines the load-balancing
      agreement information between the subscriber and provider.

   Site Network Accesses (ports):  Defines the list of ports to the
      sites and their properties: especially bearer, connection and
      service parameters.



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5.1.3.1.1.  Site ID

   The "site-id" leaf contains an arbitrary string to uniquely identify
   the site within the overall network infrastructure.  The format of
   the site-id is determined by the local administration of the VPN
   service.

5.1.3.1.2.  Site Management

   The "management" sub-container is intended for site management
   options, depending on the device ownership and security access
   control.  The followings are three common management models:

   CE Provider Managed:  The provider has the sole ownership of the CE
      device.  Only the provider has access to the CE.  The
      responsibility boundary between SP and customer is between CE and
      customer network.  This is the most common use case.

   CE Customer Managed:  The customer has the sole ownership of the CE
      device.  Only the customer has access to the CE.  In this model,
      the responsibility boundary between SP and customer is between PE
      and CE.

   CE Co-managed:  The provider has ownership of the CE device and
      responsible for managing the CE.  However, the provider grants the
      customer access to the CE for some configuration/monitoring
      purposes.  In this co-managed mode, the responsibility boundary is
      the same as for the provider-managed model.

   The selected management mode is specified under the "type" leaf.  The
   "address" leaf stores CE device management IP information.  And the
   "management-transport" leaf is used to identify the transport
   protocol for management traffic: IPv4 or IPv6.  Additional security
   options may be derived based on the particular management model
   selected.

5.1.3.1.3.  Site Location

   The information in the "location" sub-container under a "site" allows
   easy retrieval of data about which are the nearest available
   facilities and can be used for access topology planning.  It may also
   be used by other network orchestration component to choose the
   targeted upstream PE.  Location is expressed in terms of postal
   information.







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5.1.3.1.4.  Site Diversity

   Some subscribers may request upstream PE diversity between two or
   more sites.  These sites will share the same diversity group ID under
   the optional "site-diversity" sub-container.

5.1.3.1.5.  Site Security

   This sub-container presents parameters for ingress service stream
   admission control and encryption profile information.  It is also a
   placeholder for further site-security options that may be added by
   augmentation.

5.1.3.1.6.  Site signaling Option

   The "signaling-option" container captures service-wide attributes of
   the L2VPN instance.

   Although topology discovery or network device configuration is
   purposely out of scope for the L2SM model, certain VPN parameters are
   listed here.  The information can then be passed to other elements in
   the whole automation eco-system (such as the configuration engine)
   which will handle the actual service provisioning function.

   The "signaling-option" list uses the combination of "name" and "type"
   as the key.  The "name" leaf is a free-form string of the VPN
   instance name.  The "type" leaf is for the signaling protocol: BGP-
   L2VPN, BGP-EVPN, or T-LDP.

5.1.3.1.6.1.  BGP L2VPN

   [RFC4761] and [RFC6624] describe the mechanism to auto-discover L2VPN
   VPLS/VPWS end points (CE-ID or VE-ID) and signal the label base and
   offset at the same time to allow remote PE to derive the VPN label to
   be used when sending packets to the advertising router.

   Due to the way auto-discovery operates, PEs that have at least one
   attachment circuit associated with a particular VPN service do not
   need to be specified explicitly.

   In the L2SM model, only the target community (or communities) are
   listed at the service level.

   The "type" leaf under "mp-bgp-l2vpn" is an identityref to specify
   "vpws" or "vpls" sub-types.






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5.1.3.1.6.2.  BGP EVPN

   Defined in [RFC7432], EVPN is an L2VPN technology based upon BGP MAC
   routing.  It provides similar functionality to BGP VPWS/VPLS with
   improvement around redundancy, multicast optimization, provisioning,
   and simplicity.

   Due to the way auto-discovery operates, PEs that have at least one
   attachment circuit associated with a particular VPN service do not
   need to be specified explicitly.

   In the L2SM model, only the target community (or communities) are
   listed at the service level.

   The "type" leaf under "mp-bgp-evpn" is an identityref to specify
   "vpws" or "vpls" sub-types.

5.1.3.1.6.3.  LDP Pseudowires

   [RFC4762] specifies the method of using targeted LDP sessions between
   PEs to exchange VC label information.  This requires a configured
   full mesh of targeted LDP sessions between all PEs.

   As multiple attachment circuits may terminate on a single PE, this
   PE-to-PE mesh is not a per-site attribute.  All PEs related to the
   L2VPN service will be listed in the "t-ldp-pwe" with associated "vc-
   id".

5.1.3.1.6.4.  PWE Encapsulation Type

   Based on [RFC4448], there are two types of Ethernet services: "Port-
   to-Port Ethernet PW emulation" and "Vlan-to-Vlan Ethernet PW
   emulation", commonly referred to as Type 5 and Type 4 respectively.
   This concept applies to both BGP L2VPN VPWS/VPLS and T-LDP signaled
   PWE implementations.

   The "pwe-encapsulation-type" container contains two Boolean type
   leaves: "ethernet" and "ethernet-vlan".  If "signaling-option" is
   "mp-bgp-l2vpn" or "t-ldp-pwe", then exactly one of "ethernet" and
   "ethernet-vlan" MUST be marked TRUE .

5.1.3.1.6.5.  PWE MTU

   During the signaling process of a BGP-L2VPN or T-LDP pseudowire, the
   pwe-mtu value is exchanged and must match at both ends.  By default,
   the pwe-mtu is derived from physical interface MTU of the attachment
   circuit minus the EoMPLS transport header.  In some cases, however,
   the physical interface on both ends of the circuit might not have



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   identical MTU settings.  For example, due to 802.1ad q-in-q
   operation, an I-NNI will need an extra four bytes to accommodate the
   S-tag.  The inter-carrier E-NNI link may also have a different MTU
   size than the internal network interfaces.

   [RFC4448] requires the same MTU size on physical interfaces at both
   ends of the pseudowire.  In actual implementations, many router
   vendors have provided a knob to explicitly specify the pwe-mtu, which
   can then be decoupled from the physical interface MTU.

   When there is a mismatch between the physical interface MTU and
   configured pwe-mtu, the "allow-mtu-mismatch" leaf in the "pwe-mtu"
   contained enables definition of the required behavior.

5.1.3.1.6.6.  Control Word

   A control word is an optional 4-byte field located between the MPLS
   label stack and the Layer 2 payload in the pseudowire packet.  It
   plays a crucial role in Any Transport over MPLS (AToM).  The 32-bit
   field carries generic and Layer 2 payload-specific information,
   including a C-bit which indicates whether the control word will
   present in the Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS) packets.  If the C-bit is
   set to 1, the advertising PE expects the control word to be present
   in every pseudowire packet on the pseudowire that is being signaled.
   If the C-bit is set to 0, no control word is expected to be present.

   Whether to include control word in the pseudowire packets MUST match
   on PEs at both ends of the pseudowire and it is non-negotiable during
   the signaling process.

   The use of a control-word applies to pseduowires signaled using
   either BGP L2VPN VPWS/VPLS or T-LDP.  It is a routing-instance level
   configuration parameter in many cases.

   The optional "control-word" leaf is a Boolean field in the L2SM model
   for the provider to explicitly specify whether the control-word will
   be signaled for the service instance.

5.1.3.1.7.  Site Load Balance Options

   See Section 5.1.2.6.

5.1.3.1.8.  Ports

   The L2SM includes a set of essential physical interface properties
   and Ethernet layer characteristics in the "port" sub-container.  Some
   of these are critical implementation arrangements that require
   consent from both subscriber and provider.



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5.1.3.1.8.1.  ID

   "id" is a free-form string to identify a given interface.  The
   service provider can decide on the actual nomenclature used in the
   management systems.

5.1.3.1.8.2.  Remote Carrier Name

   Remote Carrier Name is the Name of Remote Carrier associated with the
   remote end of an E-NNI and so only applies for that type of VPN
   connectivity.

5.1.3.1.8.3.  Access Diversity

   In order to help the different placement scenarios, a site-network-
   access (i.e., port defined in Section 5.1.3.1.8) may be tagged using
   one or more fate sharing group identifiers.  The fate sharing group
   identifier is a string so it can accommodate both explicit naming of
   a group of sites (e.g. "multihomed-set1") or a numbered identifier
   (e.g.  12345678).  The meaning of each group-id is local to each
   customer administrator.

5.1.3.1.8.4.  Bearer

   The "bearer" container defines the requirements for the site
   attachment to the provider network that are below Layer 3.

   The bearer parameters will help to determine the access media to be
   used.

5.1.3.1.8.5.  Ethernet Connection

   The ethernet-connection container presents two sets of link
   attributes: physical or optional LAG interface attributes.  These
   parameters are essential for the connection between subscriber and
   provider edge devices to establish properly.

   For each physical interface (phy-interface), there are basic
   configuration parameters like port number and speed, interface MTU,
   auto-negotiation and flow-control settings, etc.  "encapsulation-
   type" is for user to select between Ethernet encapsulation (port-
   based) or Ethernet VLAN encapsulation (VLAN-based).  All allowed
   Ethertypes of ingress service frames can be listed under "ethertype".
   In addition, the subscriber and provider may decide to enable
   advanced features, such as LLDP, 802.3AH link OAM, MAC loop
   detection/prevention at a UNI, based on mutual agreement.





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   Sometimes, the subscriber may require multiple physical links bundled
   together to form a single, logical, point-to-point LAG connection to
   the service provider.  Typically, LACP (Link Aggregation Control
   Protocol) is used to dynamically manage adding or deleting member
   links of the aggregate group.  In general, LAG allows for increased
   service bandwidth beyond the speed of a single physical link while
   providing graceful degradation as failure occurs, thus increased
   availability.

   In the L2SM, there is a set of attributes under "LAG-interface"
   related to link aggregation functionality.  The subscriber and
   provider first need to decide on whether LACP PDU will be exchanged
   between the edge device by specifying the "LACP-state" to "On" or
   "Off".  If LACP is to be enabled, then both parties need to further
   specify whether it will be running in active versus passive mode,
   plus the time interval and priority level of the LACP PDU.  The
   subscriber and provider can also determine the minimum aggregate
   bandwidth for a LAG to be considered valid path by specifying the
   optional "mini-link" attribute.  To enable fast detection of faulty
   links, micro-BFD runs independent UDP sessions to monitor the status
   of each member link.  Subscriber and provider should consent to the
   BFD hello interval and hold time.

   Each member link will be listed under the LAG interface with basic
   physical link properties.  Certain attributes like flow-control,
   encapsulation type, allowed ingress Ethertype and LLDP settings are
   at the LAG level.

   If the Ethernet service is enabled on a logical unit on the
   connection at the interface, the "sub-if-id" should be specified.

   The "Ethernet-connection" container also presents site specific
   (S-tag, C-tag) management options.  The overall S-tag for the
   Ethernet circuit and C-tag to EVC mapping, if applicable, has been
   placed in the service container.  The S-tag under "port" should match
   the S-tag in the service container in most cases, however, vlan
   translation is required for the S-tag in certain deployment at the
   external facing interface or upstream PEs to "normalize" the outer
   VLAN tag to the service S-tag into the network and translate back to
   the site's S-tag in the opposite direction.  One example of this is
   with a Layer 2 aggregation switch along the path: the S-tag for the
   EVC has been previously assigned to another service thus can not be
   used by this attachment circuit.  Another use case is when multiple
   E-access OVCs from the same E-NNIs are attached to the same E-LAN
   service.

   The "svlan-id-ethernet-tag" in the "Ethernet-connection" container is
   either the S-tag inserted at a UNI or the outer tag of ingress



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   packets at an E-NNI.  These parameters are included in the L2SM to
   facilitate other management system to generate proper configuration
   for the network elements.

   The "ethernet-connection" container also contains an optional site-
   specific C-tag to EVC mapping.

5.1.3.1.8.6.  EVC MTU

   The maximum MTU of subscriber service frames can be derived from the
   physical interface MTU by default, or specified under the "evc-mtu"
   leaf if it is different than the default number.

5.1.3.1.8.7.  MAC Address Limit

   The service provider may choose to impose a per-attachment circuit
   "mac-addr-limit" in addition to the service-level MAC limit, and
   specify the behavior when the limit is exceeded accordingly.

5.1.3.1.8.8.  Availability

   EVPN supports PE geo-redundancy in the access domain.  The connection
   between a multi-homed CE to PE is identified with a uniquely assigned
   ID referred as an Ethernet Segment Identifier (ESI).  Because a
   learned MAC address is propagated via BGP, it allows for multiple
   active paths in forwarding state and for load-balancing options.

   The "availability" container contains ESI and redundancy mode
   attributes for an EVPN multi-homing site.

5.1.3.1.8.9.  L2CP-Control

   To facilitate interoperability between different Multiple System
   Operators (MSOs), the MEF has provided normative guidance on Layer 2
   Control Protocol (L2CP) processing requirements for each service
   type.  Subscriber and provider should make pre- arrangement on
   whether to allow interaction between the edge device or keep each
   other's control plane separate on a per-protocol basis.

   The destination MAC addresses of these L2CP PDUs fall within two
   reserved blocks specified by the IEEE 802.1 Working Group.  Packet
   with destination MAC in these multicast ranges have special
   forwarding rules.

   o  Bridge Block of Protocols: 01-80-C2-00-00-00 through
      01-80-C2-00-00-0F





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   o  MRP Block of Protocols: 01-80-C2-00-00-20 through
      01-80-C2-00-00-2F

   Layer 2 protocol tunneling allows service providers to pass
   subscriber Layer 2 control PDUs across the network without being
   interpreted and processed by intermediate network devices.  These
   L2CP PDUs are transparently encapsulated across the MPLS-enabled core
   network in Q-in-Q fashion.

   The "L2CP-control" container contains the list of commonly used L2CP
   protocols and parameters.  The service provider can specify DISCARD,
   PEER, or TUNNEL mode actions for each individual protocol.

   In addition, "provider-bridge-group" and "provider-bridge-mvrp"
   addresses are also listed in the L2CP container.

5.1.3.1.8.10.  Service

   The "service" container defines service parameters associated with
   the site.

5.1.3.1.8.10.1.  Bandwidth

   The service bandwidth refers to the bandwidth requirement between PE
   and CE.  The requested bandwidth is expressed as svc-input-bandwidth
   and svc-output-bandwidth.  Input/output direction is using customer
   site as reference: input bandwidth means download bandwidth for the
   site, and output bandwidth means upload bandwidth for the site.

   The service bandwidth is only configurable at the site-network-access
   level (i.e., for the port associated with the site).

   Using a different input and output bandwidth will allow service
   provider to know if a customer allows for asymmetric bandwidth access
   like ADSL.  It can also be used to set a rate-limit in a different
   way for upload and download on symmetric bandwidth access.

   The bandwidth container may also include a "cos-id" parameter.  If
   the "cos-id" is not present within the bandwidth container, the
   bandwidth is per evc, which provides rate enforcement for all ingress
   service frames at the interface that are associated with a particular
   EVC.

   If the "cos-id" is present, the bandwidth is per CoS, which provides
   rate enforcement for all service frames for a given class of service.
   The class of service is identified via a CoS identifier.  So this
   bandwidth profile applies to service frames over an EVC with a




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   particular CoS value.  Multiple input/output-bandwidthper-cos-id can
   be associated with the same EVC.

5.1.3.1.8.10.2.  QoS

   The model defines QoS parameters as an abstraction:

   o  qos-classification-policy: Defines a set of ordered rules to
      classify customer traffic.

   o  qos-profile: Provides a QoS scheduling profile to be applied.

5.1.3.1.8.10.2.1.  QoS Classification

   In MEF 23.2 ([MEF-23-2]) three types of model are defined as the
   following:

   Class-of-Service Identifier based on EVC or OVC EP (End Point):  In
      this model, regardless of customer marking, all in-profile frames
      will be marked with the service level in the contractual
      agreement.  Customer CoS markings are preserved throughout the
      provider network.  The bandwidth profile consists of one set of
      CIR/CBS and EIR/EBS values.

   Class-of-Service Identifier based on Priority Code Point:  Using this
      model, multiple classes of services can be associated with a
      single customer EVC, identified by dot1p bits in the C-tag.  Each
      service level has its own individual bandwidth profile.  Out-of-
      profile packets will be discarded.  Customer CoS markings are
      preserved.

   Class-of-Service Identifier based on DSCP:  Using this model,
      multiple classes of service can be associated with a single
      customer EVC, identified by DSCP bits in the IP header.  Each
      service level has its own individual bandwidth profile.  Out-of-
      profile packets will be discarded.  Customer CoS markings are
      preserved.

   Similarly, the cos-color-id can be assigned based on EVC or OVC EP,
   dot1p value in C-tag, or DSCP in IP header.  Ingress service frames
   are metered against the bandwidth profile based on the cos-
   identifier.  A "color" will be assigned to a service frame to
   identify its bandwidth profile conformance.  A service frame is
   "green" if it is conformant with "committed" rate of the bandwidth
   profile.  A Service Frame is "yellow" if it is exceeding the
   "committed" rate but conformant with the "excess" rate of the
   bandwidth profile.  Finally, a service frame is "red" if it is




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   conformant with neither the "committed" nor "excess" rates of the
   bandwidth profile.

   Ingress/egress-bandwidth-profile-per-evc presents the ingress/egress
   bandwidth profile per EVC, providing rate enforcement for all ingress
   service frames at the interface that are associated with a particular
   EVC.

   Alternately, ingress/egress-bandwidth-profile-per-cos-id presents the
   ingress/egress bandwidth profile per CoS, providing rate enforcement
   for all service frames for a given class of service.  The class of
   service is identified via a CoS identifier.  So this bandwidth
   profile applies to service frames over an EVC with a particular CoS
   value.  Multiple ingress/egress-bandwidth-profile-per-cos-id can be
   associated with the same EVC.

   QoS classification rules are handled by qos-classification-policy.
   The qos-classification-policy is an ordered list of rules that match
   a flow or application and set the appropriate target class of service
   (target-class-id).  The user can define the match using physical port
   reference or a more specific flow definition (based layer 2 source
   and destination MAC address, cos,dscp,cos-id, color-id etc.).  When a
   flow definition is used, the user can use a target-sites leaf- list
   to identify the destination of a flow rather than using destination
   addresses.  A rule that does not have a match statement is considered
   as a match-all rule.  A service provider may implement a default
   terminal classification rule if the customer does not provide it.  It
   will be up to the service provider to determine its default target
   class.

5.1.3.1.8.10.2.2.  QoS Profile

   User can choose between standard profile provided by the operator or
   a custom profile.  The qos-profile defines the traffic scheduling
   policy to be used by the service provider.

   A custom qos-profile is defined as a list of class of services and
   associated properties.  The properties are:

   o  byte-offset: The optional "byte-offset" indicates how many bytes
      in the service frame header are excluded from rate enforcement.

   o  rate-limit: Used to rate-limit the class of service.  The value is
      expressed as a percentage of the global service bandwidth.  When
      the qos-profile is implemented at CE side the svc-output-bandwidth
      is taken into account as reference.  When it is implemented at PE
      side, the svc-input-bandwidth is used.




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   o  frame-delay: Used to define the latency constraint of the class.
      The latency constraint can be expressed as the lowest possible
      latency or a latency boundary expressed in milliseconds.  How this
      latency constraint will be fulfilled is up to the service provider
      implementation: a strict priority queueing may be used on the
      access and in the core network, and/or a low latency routing may
      be created for this traffic class.

   o  frame-jitter: Used to define the jitter constraint of the class.
      The jitter constraint can be expressed as the lowest possible
      jitter or a jitter boundary expressed in microseconds.  How this
      jitter constraint will be fulfilled is up to the service provider
      implementation: a strict priority queueing may be used on the
      access and in the core network, and/or a jitter-aware routing may
      be created for this traffic class.

5.1.3.1.8.11.  Security Filtering

5.1.3.1.8.11.1.  BUM Strom Control

   For point-to-point E-LINE services, the provider only needs to
   deliver a single copy of each service frame to the remote PE,
   regardless whether the destination MAC address of the incoming frame
   is unicast, multicast or broadcast.  Therefore, all in-profile
   service frames should be delivered unconditionally.

   B-U-M (Broadcast-UnknownUnicast-Multicast) frame forwarding in
   multipoint-to-multipoint services, on the other hand, involves both
   local flooding to other attachment circuits on the same PE and remote
   replication to all other PEs, thus consumes additional resources and
   core bandwidth.  Special B-U-M frame disposition rules can be
   implemented at external facing interfaces (UNI or E-NNI) to rate-
   limit the B-U-M frames, in term of number of packets per second or
   bits per second.

   The threshold can apply to all B-U-M traffic, or one for each
   category.

5.1.3.1.8.11.2.  MAC Loop Protection

   MAC address flapping between different physical ports typically
   indicates a bridge loop condition in the subscriber network.
   Misleading entries in the MAC cache table can cause service frames to
   circulate around the network indefinitely and saturate the links
   throughout the provider's network, affecting other services in the
   same network.  In case of EVPN, it also introduces massive BGP
   updates and control plane instability.




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   The service provider may opt to implement a switching loop prevention
   mechanism at the external facing interfaces for multipoint-to-
   multipoint services by imposing a MAC address move threshold.

   The MAC move rate and prevention-type options are listed in the "mac-
   loop-prevention" container.

5.1.3.1.8.11.3.  Service Level MAC Limit

   See Section 5.1.2.10.

5.1.3.1.8.12.  Ethernet Service OAM

   The advent of Ethernet as a wide-area network technology brings
   additional requirements of end-to-end service monitoring and fault
   management in the carrier network, particularly in the area of
   service availability and Mean Time To Repair (MTTR).  Ethernet
   Service OAM in the L2SM refers to the combined protocol suites of
   IEEE 802.1ag ([IEEE-802-1ag]) and ITU-T Y.1731 ([ITU-T-Y-1731]).

   Generally speaking, Ethernet Service OAM enables service providers to
   perform service continuity check, fault-isolation, and packet delay/
   jitter measurement at per customer per EVC granularity.  The
   information collected from Ethernet Service OAM data sets is
   complementary to other higher layer IP/MPLS OSS tools to ensure the
   required service level agreements (SLAs) can be meet.

   The 802.1ag Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) functional model is
   structured with hierarchical maintenance domains (MDs), each assigned
   a unique maintenance level.  Higher level MDs can be nested over
   lower level MDs.  However, the MDs cannot intersect.  The scope of
   each MD can be solely within a subscriber's network, solely within
   the provider's network, interact between the subscriber-to-provider
   or provider-to-provider edge equipment, or tunnel over another
   provider's network.

   Depending on the use case scenario, one or more maintenance end
   points (MEPs) can be placed on the external facing interface, sending
   CFM PDUs towards the core network (UP MEP) or downstream link (DOWN
   MEP).

   The "cfm-802.1-ag" sub-container under "port" currently presents two
   types of CFM maintenance association (MA): UP MEP for UNI-N to UNI-N
   Maintenance Association (MA) and DOWN MEP for UNI-N to UNI-C MA.  For
   each MA, the user can define the maintenance domain ID (MAID), MEP
   level, MEP direction, remote MEP ID, CoS level of the CFM PDUs,
   Continuity Check Message (CCM) interval and hold time, alarm priority
   defect, CCM priority-type, etc.



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   ITU-T Y.1731 Performance Monitoring (PM) provides essential network
   telemetry information that includes the measurement of Ethernet
   service frame delay, frame delay variation, frame loss, and frame
   throughput.  The delay/jitter measurement can be either one-way or
   two-way.  Typically, a Y.1731 PM probe sends a small amount of
   synthetic frames along with service frames to measure the SLA
   parameters.

   The "y-1731" sub-container under "port" contains a set of parameters
   for use to define the PM probe information, including MAID, local and
   remote MEP-ID, PM PDU type, message period and measurement interval,
   CoS level of the PM PDUs, loss measurement by synthetic or service
   frame options, one-way or two-way delay measurement, PM frame size,
   and session type.

6.  Interaction with Other YANG Modules

   As expressed in Section 4, this service module is not intended to
   configure the network element, but is instantiated in a management
   system.

   The management system might follow modular design and comprise at
   least two different components:

   a.  The component instantiating the service model (let's call it the
       service component)

   b.  The component responsible for network element configuration
       (let's call it the configuration component)

   In some cases, when a split is needed between the behavior and
   functions that a customer requests and the technology that the
   network operator has available to deliver the service
   [I-D.wu-opsawg-service-model-explained], a new component can be
   separated out of the service component (let's call it the control
   component).  This component is responsible for network-centric
   operation and is aware of many features such as topology, technology,
   and operator policy.  As an optional component, it can use the
   service model as input and is not required at all if the control
   component delegates its control operations to the configuration
   component.

   In Section 7 we provide some example of translation of service
   provisioning requests to router configuration lines as an
   illustration.  In the NETCONF/YANG ecosystem, it is expected that
   NETCONF and YANG will be used between the configuration component and
   network elements to configure the requested service on those
   elements.



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   In this framework, it is expected that YANG models will be used for
   configuring service components on network elements.  There will be a
   strong relationship between the abstracted view provided by this
   service model and the detailed configuration view that will be
   provided by specific configuration models for network elements such
   as those defined in [I-D.ietf-bess-l2vpn-yang] and
   [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-yang].  Service components needing configuration
   on network elements in support of the service model defined in this
   document include:

   o  VRF definition including VPN policy expression.

   o  Physical interface.

   o  Ethernet layer (VLAN ID).

   o  QoS: classification, profiles, etc.

   o  Signaling Options: support of configuration of all protocols
      listed in the document, as well as vpn policies associated with
      these protocols.

   o  Ethernet Service OAM Support.

7.  Service Model Usage Example

   As explained in Section 4, this service model is intended to be
   instantiated at a management layer and is not intended to be used
   directly on network elements.  The management system serves as a
   central point of configuration of the overall service.

   This section provides an example on how a management system can use
   this model to configure an L2VPN service on network elements.

   The example is for of a VPN service for 3 sites using point-to-point
   EVC and a Hub and Spoke VPN service topology as shown in Figure 7.
   Loadbalancing is not considered in this case.














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   UNI Site1
   ............
   :          :             E-Line using P2P EVC
   :Spoke Site:-----PE1--------------------------+
   :          :                                  |        UNI Site3
   :..........:                                  |      ............
                                                 |      :          :
                                                PE3-----: Hub Site :
   UNI Site2                                     |      :          :
   ............                                  |      :..........:
   :          :             E-Line using P2P EVC |
   :Spoke Site:-----PE2--------------------------+
   :          :
   :..........:


              Figure 7: Reference Network for Simple Example

   The following XML describes the overall simplified service
   configuration of this VPN.


                 <vpn-service>
                   <vpn-id>12456487</vpn-id>
                   <svc-id-type>EVC</svc-id-type>
                   <evc>
                     <uni-list>
                       <uni>UNI1</uni>
                       <uni>UNI3</uni>
                     </uni-list>
                   </evc>
                   <eth-svc-type>eline</eth-svc-type>
                   <svc-topo>hub-spoke</svc-topo>
                 </vpn-service>

                 <vpn-service>
                   <vpn-id>12456488</vpn-id>
                   <svc-id-type>EVC</svc-id-type >
                   <evc>
                     <uni-list>
                       <uni>UNI2</uni>
                       <uni>UNI3</uni>
                     </uni-list>
                   </evc>
                   <eth-svc-type>eline</eth-svc-type>
                   <svc-topo>hub-spoke</svc-topo>
                 </vpn-service>




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   When receiving the request for provisioning the VPN service, the
   management system will internally (or through communication with
   another OSS component) allocates VPN route-targets.  In this specific
   case two Route Taregts (RTs) will be allocated (100:1 for Hubs and
   100:2 for Spokes).  The output below describes the configuration of
   Spoke UNI Site1.


                 <site>
                   <site-id>Spoke_Site1</site-id>
                   <location>
                      <city>NY</city>
                      <country-code>US</country-code>
                   </location>
                   <signaling-options>
                     <signaling-option>
                       <type>VRF</type>
                       <mp-bgp-l2vpn>
                          <svc-id>12456487</svc-id>
                          <type>VPWS</type>
                       </mp-bgp-l2vpn>
                     </signaling-option>
                   </signaling-options>
                   <site-ports>
                     <site-port>
                       <site-port-id>Spoke_UNI-Site1</site-port-id>
                       <access-diversity>
                         <groups>
                           <group>
                             <group-id>20</group-id>
                           </group>
                         </groups>
                       <access-diversity>
                       <ethernet-connection>
                         <vlan>
                           <vlan-id>17</vlan-id>
                         </vlan>
                         <physical-interface>
                           <encapsulation-type>ETH</encapsulation-type>
                         </physical-interface>
                       </ethernet-connection>
                       <service>
                         <svc-ingress-bandwidth>
                           <cir>450000000</cir>
                           <cbs>20000000</cbs>
                           <eir>1000000000</eir>
                           <ebs>200000000</ebs>
                         </svc-ingress-bandwidth>



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                         <svc-egress-bandwidth>
                           <cir>350000000</cir>
                           <cbs>10000000</cbs>
                           <eir>800000000</eir>
                           <ebs>200000000</ebs>
                         </svc-egress-bandwidth>
                       </service>
                       <l2cp-protocol>
                         <stp-rstp-mstp>TUNNEL</stp-rstp-mstp>
                         <lldp>TRUE</lldp>
                       </l2cp-protocol>
                       <vpn-attachment>
                         <vpn-id>12456487</vpn-id>
                         <site-role>spoke-role</site-role>
                       </vpn-attachment>
                     </site-port>
                   </site-ports>
                   <management>
                     <type>provider-managed</type>
                   </management>
                 </site>


   When receiving the request for provisioning Spoke1 site, the
   management system MUST allocate network resources for this site.  It
   MUST first determine the target network elements to provision the
   access, and especially the PE router (and may be an aggregation
   switch).  As described in Section 5.1.3.1.3, the management system
   SHOULD use the location information and SHOULD use the access-
   diversity constraint to find the appropriate PE.  In this case, we
   consider Spoke1 requires PE diversity with Hub and that management
   system allocate PEs based on lowest distance.  Based on the location
   information, the management system finds the available PEs in the
   nearest area of the customer and picks one that fits the access-
   diversity constraint.

   When the PE is chosen, the management system needs to allocate
   interface resources on the node.  One interface is selected from the
   PE available pool.  The management system can start provisioning the
   PE node by using any mean (Netconf, CLI, ...).  The management system
   will check if a VRF is already present that fits the needs.  If not,
   it will provision the VRF: Route Distinguisher will come from
   internal allocation policy model, route-targets are coming from the
   vpn-policy configuration of the site (management system allocated
   some RTs for the VPN).  As the site is a Spoke site (site-role), the
   management system knows which RT must be imported and exported.  As
   the site is provider managed, some management route-targets may also




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   be added (100:5000).  Standard provider VPN policies MAY also be
   added in the configuration.

   Example of generated PE configuration:


   ip vrf Customer1
     export-map STD-CUSTOMER-EXPORT      <---- Standard SP configuration
     route-distinguisher 100:3123234324
     route-target import 100:1
     route-target import 100:5000        <---- Standard SP configuration
     route-target export 100:2                 for provider managed
   !


   When the VRF has been provisioned, the management system can start
   configuring the access on the PE using the allocated interface
   information.  The VLAN tag is chosen by the management system.  One
   VLAN tag will be picked from an allocated subnet for the PE, another
   will be used for the CE configuration.  LACP protocols will also be
   configured between PE and CE and due to provider managed model, the
   choice is up to service provider.  This choice is independent of the
   LACP protocol chosen by customer.

   Example of generated PE configuration:


                 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/3.100 l2transport
                   encapsulation dot1ad 100
                   rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
                   l2vpn
                   xconnect group EPL
                   p2p EPL
                   interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/3.100
                   neighbor 100.100.100.1 pw-id 100
                 !
                 interface GigabitEthernet4/8
                   no ip address
                   speed nonegotiate
                   no keepalive
                   ethernet dot1ad nni
                   service instance 100 ethernet
                   encapsulation dot1q 100
                   rewrite ingress tag pop 1 symmetric
                   xconnect 100.100.100.2 100 encapsulation mpls






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   As the CE router is not reachable at this stage, the management
   system can produce a complete CE configuration that can be uploaded
   to the node by manual operation before sending the CE to customer
   premise.  The CE configuration will be built as for the PE.  Based on
   the CE type (vendor/model) allocated to the customer and bearer
   information, the management system knows which interface must be
   configured on the CE.  PE-CE link configuration is expected to be
   handled automatically using the service provider OSS as both
   resources are managed internally.  CE to LAN interface parameters
   like dot1Q tag are derived from the ethernet-connection taking into
   account how management system distributes dot1Q tag between PE and CE
   within subnet.  This will allow to produce a plug'n'play
   configuration for the CE.

   Example of generated CE configuration:


                 interface GigabitEthernet0/9
                   switchport trunk allowed vlan none
                   switchport mode trunk
                   service instance 100 ethernet
                   encapsulation default
                   l2protocol forward cdp
                   xconnect 1.1.1.1 100 encapsulation mpls
                 !


8.  YANG Module


   <CODE BEGINS>
   file "ietf-l2vpn-svc@2017-02-10.yang"
   module ietf-l2vpn-svc {
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-svc";
     prefix "l2svc";

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix inet;
     }
     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
     }
     import iana-if-type {
       prefix ianaift;
     }

     organization
       "IETF L2SM Working Group.";



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     contact
       "WG List: l2sm@ietf.org
        Editor: Bin_Wen@comcast.com";
     description
       "The YANG module defines a generic service configuration
        model for Layer 2 VPN services common across all of the
        vendor implementations.";
     revision 2017-02-13{
       description
         "Initial revision -04 version";
       reference
         "draft-wen-l2sm-l2vpn-service-model-04.txt
          A YANG Data Model for L2VPN Service Delivery.";
     }

     /* Features */

     feature input-bw {
       description
         "Input Bandwidth";
     }
     feature output-bw {
       description
         "Output Bandwidth";
     }
     feature uni-list {
       description
         "Enable support UNI list";
     }
     feature ovc-type {
       description
         "Enable support OVC type";
     }
     feature cloud-access {
       description
         "Allow VPN to connect to a Cloud Service
          provider.";
     }
     feature oam-3ah {
       description
         "Enables support of OAM 802.3ah";
     }
     feature Micro-BFD {
       description
         "Enables support of Micro-BFD";
     }
     feature bfd {
       description



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         "Enables support of BFD";
     }
     feature signaling-option {
       description
         "Enable support of signaling option";
     }
     feature site-diversity {
       description
         "Enables support of site diversity constraints";
     }
     feature encryption {
       description
         "Enables support of encryption";
     }
     feature always-on {
       description
         "Enables support for always-on access
          constraint.";
     }
     feature requested-type {
       description
         "Enables support for requested-type access
          constraint.";
     }
     feature bearer-reference {
       description
         "Enables support for bearer-reference access
          constraint.";
     }
     feature qos {
       description
         "Enables support of Class of Services";
     }
     feature qos-custom {
       description
         "Enables support of custom qos profile";
     }

     /* Typedefs */

     typedef svc-id {
       type string;
       description
         "Service ID";
     }
     typedef direction-type {
       type string;
       description



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         "Direction";
     }
     typedef evc-id-type {
       type string;
       description
         "EVC ID type";
     }
     typedef ovc-id-type {
       type string;
       description
         "OVC ID type";
     }
     typedef ccm-priority-type {
       type uint8 {
         range "0..7";
       }
       description
         "A 3 bit priority value to be used in the VLAN tag, if present
          in the transmitted frame.";
     }
     typedef control-mode {
       type enumeration {
         enum peer {
           description
             "Peer mode";
         }
         enum tunnel {
           description
             "Tunnel mode";
         }
         enum discard {
           description
             "Discard mode";
         }
      }
      description
        "Defining a type of the control mode";
     }
     typedef neg-mode {
       type enumeration {
         enum full-duplex {
           description
             "Full duplex mode";
         }
         enum auto-neg {
           description
             "Auto negotiation mode";
         }



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      }
      description
        "Defining a type of the negotiation mode";
     }

     /* Identities */

     identity bw-type {
       description
         "Identity of bandwidth";
     }
     identity bw-per-cos {
       base bw-type;
       description
         "Bandwidth is per cos";
     }
     identity opaque {
       base bw-type;
       description
         "Opaque";
     }
     identity site-type {
       description
         "Identity of site type.";
     }
     identity uni {
       base site-type;
       description
         "Identity of User Network Interface ";
     }
     identity enni {
       base site-type;
       description
         "Identity of External Network to Network Interface";
     }
     identity service-type {
       description
         "Identity of service type.";
     }
     identity evc {
       base service-type;
       description
         "EVC type.";
     }
     identity ovc {
       base service-type;
       description
         "OVC type.";



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     }
     identity bundling-type {
       description
         "Bundling type.";
     }
     identity bundling {
       base bundling-type;
       description
         "Identity for bundling";
     }
     identity all2one-Bundling {
       base bundling-type;
       description
         "Identity for all to one bundling";
     }
     identity color-id {
       description
         "Identity of color id";
     }
     identity color-id-evc {
       base color-id;
       description
         "Identity of color id base on EVC";
     }
     identity color-id-evc-cvlan {
       base color-id;
       description
         "Identity of color id base on EVC and CVLAN ";
     }
     identity cos-id {
       description
         "Identity of class of service id";
     }
     identity cos-id-evc {
       base cos-id;
       description
         "Identity of cos id based on EVC";
     }
     identity cos-id-evc-pcp {
       base cos-id;
       description
         "Identity of cos id based on EVC and PCP";
     }
     identity cos-id-evc-dscp {
       base cos-id;
       description
         "Identity of cos id based on EVC and DSCP";
     }



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     identity cos-id-ovc-ep {
       base cos-id;
       description
         "Identity of cos id based on OVC EP";
     }
     identity color-type {
       description
         "Identity of color types";
     }
     identity green {
       base color-type;
       description
         "Identity of green type";
     }
     identity yellow {
       base color-type;
       description
         "Identity of yellow type";
     }
     identity red {
       base color-type;
       description
         "Identity of red type";
     }
     identity perf-tier-opt {
       description
         "Identity of performance tier option.";
     }
     identity metro {
       base perf-tier-opt;
       description
         "Identity of metro";
     }
     identity regional {
       base perf-tier-opt;
       description
         "Identity of regional";
     }
     identity continental {
       base perf-tier-opt;
       description
         "Identity of continental";
     }
     identity global {
       base perf-tier-opt;
       description
         "Identity of global";
     }



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     identity policing {
       description
         "Identity of policing type";
     }
     identity one-rate-two-color {
       base policing;
       description
         "Identity of one-rate, two-color (1R2C)";
     }
     identity two-rate-three-color {
       base policing;
       description
         "Identity of two-rate, three-color (2R3C)";
     }
     identity BUM-type {
       description
         "Identity of BUM type";
     }
     identity broadcast {
       base BUM-type;
       description
         "Identity of broadcast";
     }
     identity unicast {
       base BUM-type;
       description
         "Identity of unicast";
     }
     identity multicast {
       base BUM-type;
       description
         "Identity of multicast";
     }
     identity loop-prevention-type{
       description
         "Identity of loop prevention";
     }
     identity shut {
       base loop-prevention-type;
       description
         "Identity of shut protection";
     }
     identity trap {
       base loop-prevention-type;
       description
         "Identity of trap protection";
     }
     identity lacp-state {



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       description
         "Identity of LACP state";
     }
     identity lacp-on {
       base lacp-state;
       description
         "Identity of LCAP on";
     }
     identity lacp-off {
       base lacp-state;
       description
         "Identity of LACP off";
     }
     identity lacp-mode {
       description
         "Identity of LACP mode";
     }
     identity lacp-passive {
       base lacp-mode;
       description
         "Identity of LACP passive";
     }
     identity lacp-active {
       base lacp-mode;
       description
         "Identity of LACP active";
     }
     identity lacp-speed {
       description
         "Identity of LACP speed";
     }
     identity lacp-fast {
       base lacp-speed;
       description
         "Identity of LACP fast";
     }
     identity lacp-slow {
       base lacp-speed;
       description
         "Identity of LACP slow";
     }
     identity vpn-signaling-type {
        description
          "Identity of VPN signaling types";
     }
     identity vrf {
       base vpn-signaling-type;
       description



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         "Virtual routing and forwarding (VRF).";
     }
     identity vfi {
       base vpn-signaling-type;
       description
         "Virtual forwarder interface";
     }
     identity evi {
       base vpn-signaling-type;
       description
         "Ethernet virtual interconnect.";
     }
     identity l2vpn-type {
       description
         "Layer 2 VPN types";
     }
     identity vpws {
       base l2vpn-type;
       description
         "Virtual Private Wire Service";
     }
     identity vpls {
       base l2vpn-type;
       description
         "Virtual Private LAN Service";
     }
     identity evpn {
       base l2vpn-type;
       description
         "Ethernet VPN";
     }
     identity management {
       description
         "Base identity for site management scheme.";
     }
     identity co-managed {
       base management;
       description
         "Base identity for co-managed site.";
     }
     identity customer-managed {
       base management;
       description
         "Base identity for customer managed site.";
     }
     identity provider-managed {
       base management;
       description



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         "Base identity for provider managed site.";
     }
     identity address-family {
       description
         "Base identity for an address family.";
     }
     identity ipv4 {
       base address-family;
       description
         "Identity for IPv4 address family.";
     }
     identity ipv6 {
       base address-family;
       description
         "Identity for IPv6 address family.";
     }
     identity vpn-topology {
       description
         "Base identity for VPN topology.";
     }
     identity any-to-any {
       base vpn-topology;
       description
         "Identity for any to any VPN topology.";
     }
     identity hub-spoke {
       base vpn-topology;
       description
         "Identity for Hub'n'Spoke VPN topology.";
     }
     identity hub-spoke-disjoint {
       base vpn-topology;
       description
         "Identity for Hub'n'Spoke VPN topology
          where Hubs cannot talk between each other.";
     }
     identity site-role {
       description
         "Base identity for site type.";
     }
     identity any-to-any-role {
       base site-role;
       description
         "Site in an any to any IPVPN.";
     }
     identity spoke-role {
       base site-role;
       description



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         "Spoke Site in a Hub &amp; Spoke IPVPN.";
     }
     identity hub-role {
       base site-role;
       description
         "Hub Site in a Hub &amp Spoke IPVPN.";
     }
     identity pm-type {
       description
         "Performance monitor type";
     }
     identity loss {
       base pm-type;
       description
         "Loss measurement";
     }
     identity delay {
       base pm-type;
       description
         "Delay measurement";
     }
     identity fault-alarm-defect-type {
       description
         "Indicating the alarm priority defect";
     }
     identity remote-rdi {
       base fault-alarm-defect-type;
       description
         "Indicates the aggregate health of the remote MEPs.";
     }
     identity remote-mac-error {
       base fault-alarm-defect-type;
       description
         "Indicates that one or more of the remote MEPs is
          reporting a failure in its Port Status TLV or
          Interface Status TLV.";
     }
     identity remote-invalid-ccm {
       base fault-alarm-defect-type;
       description
         "Indicates that at least one of the Remote MEP
          state machines is not receiving valid CCMs
          from its remote MEP.";
      }
      identity invalid-ccm {
        base fault-alarm-defect-type;
        description
          "Indicates that one or more invalid CCMs has been



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           received and that 3.5 times that CCMs transmission
           interval has not yet expired.";
      }
      identity cross-connect-ccm {
        base fault-alarm-defect-type;
        description
          "Indicates that one or more cross connect CCMs has been
           received and that 3.5 times of at least one of those
           CCMs transmission interval has not yet expired.";
      }
      identity data-svc-frame-delivery {
        description
          "Delivery types";
      }
      identity discard {
        base data-svc-frame-delivery;
        description
          "Service Frames are discarded.";
      }
      identity unconditional {
        base data-svc-frame-delivery;
        description
          "Service Frames are unconditionally";
      }
      identity conditional {
        base data-svc-frame-delivery;
        description
          "Service Frame are conditionally
           delivered to the destination UNI.";
      }
      identity svc-topo-type {
        description
          "Service topology Type";
      }
      identity point-to-point {
        base svc-topo-type;
        description
          "Point to Point.";
      }
      identity multipoint-to-multipoint {
        base svc-topo-type;
        description
          "Multipoint to Multipoint.";
      }
      identity rooted-multipoint {
        base svc-topo-type;
        description
          "Rooted Multipoint.";



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      }
       identity placement-diversity {
         description
           "Base identity for site placement
            constraints";
       }
       identity bearer-diverse {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for bearer diversity.
            The bearers should not use common elements.";
       }
       identity pe-diverse {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for PE diversity";
       }
       identity pop-diverse {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for POP diversity";
       }
       identity linecard-diverse {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for linecard diversity";
       }
       identity same-pe {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for having sites connected
            on the same PE";
       }
       identity same-bearer {
         base placement-diversity;
         description
           "Identity for having sites connected
            using the same bearer";
       }
       identity l2-access-type {
         description
           "This identify the access type
            of the vpn acccess interface";
       }
       identity untag {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
           "Untag";



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       }
       identity port {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
           "Port";
       }
       identity dot1q {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
           "Qot1q";
       }
       identity qinq {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
           "QinQ";
       }
       identity sub-interface {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
          "Create a default sub-interface and keep vlan";
       }
       identity vxlan {
         base l2-access-type;
         description
           "Vxlan access into the vpn";
       }
       identity mac-learning-mode {
         description
           "MAC learning mode";
       }
       identity data-plane {
         base mac-learning-mode;
         description
           "User MAC addresses are learned through ARP broadcast.";
       }
       identity control-plane {
         base mac-learning-mode;
         description
           "User MAC addresses are advertised through EVPN-BGP";
       }

     /* Groupings */

     grouping customer-info-grouping {
       list customer-info {
         key "customer-account-number customer-name";
         leaf customer-account-number {
           type uint32;



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           description
             "Customer account number";
         }
         leaf customer-name {
           type string;
           description
             "Customer name";
         }
         container customer-operation-center {
           leaf customer-noc-street-address {
             type string;
             description
               "Customer NOC street Address.";
           }
           container customer-noc-phone-number {
             leaf main-phone-num {
               type uint32;
               description
                 "Main phone number.";
             }
             leaf extension-options {
               type uint32;
               description
                 "Extension or options";
             }
             description
               "Configuration of customer NOCc phone number";
           }
           description
             "Configuration of customer operation center";
         }
         description
           "List of customer information";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for customer information";
     }

     grouping vpn-service-cloud-access {
       container cloud-accesses {
         if-feature cloud-access;
         list cloud-access {
           key cloud-identifier;
           leaf cloud-identifier {
             type string;
             description
               "Identification of cloud service. Local
                admin meaning.";



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           }
           choice list-flavor {
             case permit-any {
               leaf permit-any {
                 type empty;
                 description
                   "Allow all sites.";
               }
             }
             case deny-any-except {
               leaf-list permit-site {
                 type leafref {
                   path "/l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id";
                 }
                 description
                   "Site ID to be authorized.";
               }
             }
             case permit-any-except {
               leaf-list deny-site {
                 type leafref {
                   path "/l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id";
                 }
                 description
                   "Site ID to be denied.";
               }
             }
             description
               "Choice for cloud access policy.";
           }
           container authorized-sites {
             list authorized-site {
               key site-id;
               leaf site-id {
                 type leafref {
                   path "/l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id";
                 }
                 description
                   "Site ID.";
               }
               description
                 "List of authorized sites.";
             }
             description
               "Configuration of authorized sites";
           }
           container denied-sites {
             list denied-site {



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               key site-id;
               leaf site-id {
                 type leafref {
                   path "/l2vpn-svc/sites/site/site-id";
                 }
                 description
                   "Site ID.";
               }
               description
                 "List of denied sites.";
             }
             description
               "Configuration of denied sites";
           }
           description
             "Cloud access configuration.";
         }
         description
           "Container for cloud access configurations";
       }
       description
        "Grouping for vpn cloud definition";
     }

     grouping site-device {
       container device {
         list devices {
           key "device-id";
           leaf device-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Device ID";
           }
           leaf site-name {
             type string;
             description
               "Site name";
           }
           container management {
             leaf address {
               type inet:ip-address;
               description
                 "Address";
             }
             leaf management-transport {
               type identityref {
                 base address-family;
               }



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               description
                 "Transport protocol used for management.";
             }
             description
               "Container for management";
           }
           description
             "List of devices";
         }
         description
           "Devices configuration";
       }
       description
         "Device parameters for the site.";
     }

     grouping site-management {
       container managemnt {
         leaf type {
           type identityref {
             base management;
           }
           description
             "Management type of the connection.";
         }
         description
           "Container for management";
       }
      description
        "Grouping for management";
     }

     grouping site-vpn-policy {
       container vpn-policies {
         list vpn-policy {
           key vpn-policy-id;
           leaf vpn-policy-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Unique identifier for the VPN policy.";
           }
           list entries {
             key id;
             leaf id {
               type string;
               description
                 "Unique identifier for the policy entry.";
             }



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             container filter {
               choice lan {
                 case lan-tag {
                   leaf-list lan-tag {
                     type string;
                     description
                       "List of lan-tags to be matched.";
                   }
                 }
                 description
                   "Choice for LAN matching type";
               }
               description
                 "If used, it permit to split site LANs
                  among multiple VPNs.
                  If no filter used, all the LANs will be
                  part of the same VPNs with the same
                  role.";
             }
             container vpn {
               leaf vpn-id {
                 type leafref {
                   path "/l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/"+
                        "vpn-svc/vpn-id";
                 }
                 mandatory true;
                 description
                   "Reference to an IPVPN.";
               }
               leaf site-role {
                 type identityref {
                   base site-role;
                 }
                 default any-to-any-role;
                 description
                   "Role of the site in the IPVPN.";
               }
               description
                 "List of VPNs the LAN is associated to.";
             }
             description
               "List of entries for export policy.";
           }
           description
             "List of VPN policies.";
         }
         description
           "VPN policy.";



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       }
       description
         "VPN policy parameters for the site.";
     }

     grouping umb-frame-delivery {
       leaf unicast-frame-delivery {
         type identityref {
           base data-svc-frame-delivery;
         }
         description
           "Unicast Data Service Frame Delivery Mode
            (unconditional[default], conditional, or discard).";
       }
       leaf multicast-frame-delivery {
         type identityref {
           base data-svc-frame-delivery;
         }
         description
           "Multicast Data Service Frame Delivery Mode
            (unconditional[default], conditional, or discard).";
       }
       leaf broadcast-frame-delivery {
         type identityref {
           base data-svc-frame-delivery;
         }
         description
           "Broadcast Data Service Frame Delivery Mode
            (unconditional[default], conditional, or discard).";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for unicast, mulitcast, broadcast frame delivery";
     }

     grouping customer-location-info {
       container location {
         leaf address {
           type string;
           description
             "Address (number and street) of the site.";
         }
         leaf zip-code {
           type string;
           description
             "ZIP code of the site.";
         }
         leaf state {
           type string;



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           description
             "State of the site. This leaf can also be used to
              describe a region for country who does not have
              states.";
         }
         leaf city {
           type string;
           description
             "City of the site.";
         }
         leaf country-code {
           type string;
           description
             "Country of the site.";
         }
         description
           "Location of the site.";
       }
       description
         "This grouping defines customer location parameters";
      }

      grouping site-diversity {
        container site-diversity {
          if-feature site-diversity;
          container groups {
            list group {
              key group-id;
              leaf group-id {
                type string;
                description
                  "Group-id the site is belonging to";
              }
              description
                "List of group-id";
            }
            description
              "Groups the site is belonging to.
               All site network accesses will inherit those group
               values.";
          }
          description
            "Diversity constraint type.";
        }
        description
          "This grouping defines site diversity parameters";
      }




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      grouping site-service {
        leaf svlan-id-ethernet-tag {
          type string;
           description
             "SVLAN-ID/Ethernet Tag configurations";
        }
        list cvlan-id-to-evc-map {
          key "evc-id type";
          leaf evc-id {
            type leafref {
              path "/l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc/vpn-id";
            }
            description
              "EVC ID";
          }
          leaf type {
            type identityref {
              base bundling-type;
            }
            description
              "Bundling type";
          }
          list cvlan-id {
            key vid;
            leaf vid {
              type identityref {
                base ianaift:iana-interface-type;
              }
              description
                "CVLAN ID";
            }
            description
              "List of CVLAN-ID to EVC Map configurations";
          }
          description
            "List for cvlan-id to evc map configurations";
        }
        leaf service-level-mac-limit {
          type string;
          description
            "Service-level MAC-limit (E-LAN only)";
        }
        description
          "This grouping defines site service parameters";
      }

      grouping service-protection {
        container service-protection {



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          container protection-model {
            description
              "Container of protection model configurations";
          }
          container peer-evc-id {
            description
              "Container of peer EVC ID configurations";
          }
          description
            "Container of End-to-end Service Protection
             configurations";
        }
        description
          "Grouping for service protection";
      }

      grouping ethernet-service-type {
        choice ethernet-svc-type {
          case e-line {
            leaf epl {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Ethernet private line";
            }
            leaf evpl {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Ethernet virtual private line";
            }
            description
              "Case of e-line";
          }
          case e-lan {
            leaf ep-lan {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Ethernet private LAN";
            }
            leaf evp-lan {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Ethernet virtual private LAN";
            }
            description
              "Case of e-lan";
          }
          case e-access {
            leaf access-epl {



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              type boolean;
              description
                "Access Ethernet virtual private line";
            }
            leaf access-evpl {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Access Ethernet virtual private line";
            }
            description
              "Case of e-access.";
          }
          description
            "Choice of Ethernet service type";
        }
        description
          "Grouping for Ethernet service type.";
      }

      grouping signaling-option-grouping {
        list signaling-option {
          key "type";
          leaf type {
            type identityref {
              base vpn-signaling-type;
            }
            description
              "VPN signaling types";
          }
          container mp-bgp-l2vpn {
            leaf vpn-id {
              type svc-id;
              description
                "Identifies the target VPN";
            }
            leaf type {
              type identityref {
                base l2vpn-type;
              }
              description
                "L2VPN types";
            }
            description
              "Container for MP BGP L2VPN";
          }
          container mp-bgp-evpn {
            leaf vpn-id {
              type svc-id;



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              description
                "Identifies the target VPN";
            }
            leaf type {
              type identityref {
                base l2vpn-type;
              }
              description
                "L2VPN types";
            }
            leaf mac-learning-mode {
              type identityref {
                base mac-learning-mode;
              }
              description
                "Indicates through which plane MAC addresses are
                 advertised.";
            }
            leaf arp-suppress {
              type boolean;
              default false;
              description
                "Indicates whether to suppress ARP broadcast.";
            }
            description
              "Container for MP BGP L2VPN";
          }
          container t-ldp-pwe {
            list PE-EG-list {
              key "service-ip-lo-addr vc-id";
              leaf service-ip-lo-addr {
                type inet:ip-address;
                description
                  "Service ip lo address";
              }
              leaf vc-id {
                type string;
                description
                "VC id";
              }
              description
                "List of PE/EG";
            }
            description
              "Container of T-LDP PWE configurations";
          }
          container pwe-encapsulation-type {
            leaf ethernet {



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              type boolean;
              description
                "Ethernet";
            }
            leaf vlan {
              type boolean;
              description
                "VLAN";
            }
            description
              "Container of PWE Encapsulation Type configurations";
          }
          container pwe-mtu {
            leaf allow-mtu-mismatch {
              type boolean;
              description
                "Allow MTU mismatch";
            }
            description
              "Container of PWE MTU configurations";
          }
          container control-word {
            description
              "Container of control word configurations";
          }
          description
            "List of VPN Signaling Option.";
        }
        description
          "Grouping for signaling option";
      }

      grouping load-balance-grouping {
        leaf fat-pw {
          type boolean;
          description
            "Fat label is applied to Pseudowires across MPLS
             network";
        }
        leaf entropy-label {
          type boolean;
          description
            "Entropy label is applied to IP forwarding,
             L2VPN or L3VPN across MPLS network";
        }
        leaf vxlan-source-port {
          type string;
          description



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            "Vxlan source port";
        }
       description
         "Grouping for load balance ";
     }

     grouping operational-requirements-ops {
       leaf actual-site-start {
         type yang:date-and-time;
         config false;
         description
           "Optional leaf indicating actual date
            and time when the service at a particular
            site actually started";
       }
       leaf actual-site-stop {
         type yang:date-and-time;
         config false;
         description
           "Optional leaf indicating actual date
            and time when the service at a particular
            site actually stopped";
       }
       description
         "This grouping defines some operational parameters
          parameters";
     }

     grouping intra-mkt-grouping {
       list intra-mkt {
         key "metro-mkt-id mkt-name";
         leaf metro-mkt-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Metro MKT ID";
         }
         leaf mkt-name {
           type string;
           description
             "MKT Name";
         }
         leaf ovc-id {
          type string;
          description
          "OVC identifier";
         }
         description
           "List of intra-MKT";



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       }
       description
         "Grouping for intra-MKT";
     }

     grouping inter-mkt-service {
       leaf inter-mkt-service{
         type boolean;
         description
           "Indicate whether service is inter market service.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for inter-MKT service";
     }

     grouping evc-id-grouping {
       leaf evc-id {
         type svc-id;
         description
           "Ethernet Virtual Connection identifier";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for EVC-ID";
     }

     grouping svc-type-grouping {
       container evc-type {
         uses evc-id-grouping;
         leaf number-of-pe {
           type uint32;
           config false;
           description
             "Number of PE";
         }
         leaf number-of-site {
           type uint32;
           config false;
           description
             "Number of Sites";
         }
         container uni-list {
           if-feature uni-list;
           list uni-list {
             key "network-access-id";
             leaf network-access-id {
               type string;
               description
                 "Network Access Identifier";



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             }
             description
               "List for UNIs";
           }
           description
             "Container for UNI List";
         }
         description
           "Container for Ethernet virtual connection.";
       }
       container ovc-type {
         if-feature ovc-type;
         list ovc-list {
           key ovc-id;
           leaf ovc-id {
             type svc-id;
             description
               "OVC ID type";
           }
           leaf on-net {
             type boolean;
             description
               "On net";
           }
           leaf off-net {
             type boolean;
             description
               "Off net";
           }
           description
             "List for OVC";
         }
         description
           "Container for OVC";
       }
       description
         "Grouping of service types.";
     }

     grouping cfm-802-grouping {
       leaf MAID {
         type string;
         description
           "MA ID";
       }
       leaf mep-id {
         type uint32;
         description



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           "Local MEP ID";
       }
       leaf mep-level {
         type uint32;
         description
           "MEP level";
       }
       leaf mep-up-down {
         type enumeration {
           enum up {
             description
               "MEP up";
           }
           enum down {
             description
               "MEP down";
           }
         }
         description
           "MEP up/down";
       }
       leaf remote-mep-id {
         type uint32;
         description
           "Remote MEP ID";
       }
       leaf cos-for-cfm-pdus {
         type uint32;
         description
           "COS for CFM PDUs";
       }
       leaf ccm-interval {
         type uint32;
         description
           "CCM interval";
       }
       leaf ccm-holdtime {
         type uint32;
         description
           "CCM hold time";
       }
       leaf alarm-priority-defect {
         type identityref {
           base fault-alarm-defect-type;
         }
         description
          "The lowest priority defect that is
           allowed to generate a Fault Alarm.



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           The non-existence of this leaf means
           that no defects are to be reported";
       }
       leaf ccm-p-bits-pri {
         type ccm-priority-type;
         description
           "The priority parameter for CCMs transmitted by the MEP";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for 802.1ag CFM attribute";
     }

     grouping y-1731 {
       list y-1731 {
         key MAID;
         leaf MAID {
           type string;
           description
             "MA ID ";
         }
         leaf mep-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Local MEP ID";
         }
         leaf type {
           type identityref {
             base pm-type;
           }
           description
             "Performance monitor types";
         }
         leaf remote-mep-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Remote MEP ID";
         }
         leaf message-period {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Defines the interval between OAM messages. The message
              period is expressed in milliseconds";
         }
         leaf measurement-interval {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Specifies the measurement interval for statistics. The
              measurement interval is expressed in seconds";



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         }
         leaf cos {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Class of service";
         }
         leaf loss-measurement {
           type boolean;
           description
             "Whether enable loss measurement";
         }
         leaf synthethic-loss-measurement {
           type boolean;
           description
             "Indicate whether enable synthetic loss measurement";
         }
         container delay-measurement {
           leaf enable-dm {
             type boolean;
             description
               "Whether to enable delay measurement";
           }
           leaf two-way {
             type boolean;
             description
               "Whether delay measurement is two-way (true) of one-
               way (false)";
           }
           description
             "Container for delay measurement";
         }
         leaf frame-size {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Frame size";
         }
         leaf session-type {
           type enumeration {
             enum proactive {
               description
                 "Proactive mode";
             }
             enum on-demand {
               description
                 "On demand mode";
             }
           }
           description



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             "Session type";
         }
         description
           "List for y-1731.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for y.1731";
     }

     grouping enni-site-info-grouping {
       container site-info {
         leaf site-name {
           type string;
           description
             "Site name";
         }
         leaf address {
           type inet:ip-address;
           description
             "Address";
         }
         leaf Edge-Gateway-Device-Info {
           type string;
           description
             "Edge Gateway Device Info ";
         }
         description
           "Container of site info configurations";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for site information";
     }

     grouping site-security {
       container security-filtering {
         uses mac-loop-prevention-grouping;
         container access-control-list {
           list mac {
             key "mac-address";
             leaf mac-address {
               type yang:mac-address;
               description
                 "MAC address";
             }
             description
               "List for MAC";
           }
           description



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             "Container for access control";
         }
         uses mac-addr-limit-grouping;
         uses B-U-M-storm-control-grouping;
         description
           "Security parameters";
       }
       description
         "This grouping defines security parameters for a site";
     }

     grouping lacp-grouping {
       container LACP {
         leaf LACP-state {
           type boolean;
           description
             "LACP on/off";
         }
         leaf LACP-mode {
           type boolean;
           description
             "LACP mode";
         }
         leaf LACP-speed {
           type boolean;
           description
             "LACP speed";
         }
         leaf mini-link {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Mini link";
         }
         leaf system-priority {
           type uint16;
           description
             "Indicates the LACP priority for the system.
              The range is from 0 to 65535.
              The default is 32768.";
         }
         container Micro-BFD {
           if-feature Micro-BFD;
           leaf Micro-BFD-on-off {
             type enumeration {
               enum on {
                 description
                   "Micro-bfd on";
               }



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               enum off {
                 description
                   "Micro-bfd off";
               }
             }
             description
               "Micro BFD ON/OFF";
           }
           leaf bfd-interval {
             type uint32;
             description
               "BFD interval";
           }
           leaf bfd-hold-timer {
             type uint32;
             description
               "BFD hold timer";
           }
           description
             "Container of Micro-BFD configurations";
         }
         container bfd {
           if-feature bfd;
           leaf bfd-enabled {
             type boolean;
             description
               "BFD activation";
           }
           choice holdtime {
             case profile {
               leaf profile-name {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Service provider well known profile.";
               }
               description
                 "Service provider well known profile.";
             }
             case fixed {
               leaf fixed-value {
                 type uint32;
                 units msec;
                 description
                   "Expected hold time expressed in msec.";
               }
             }
             description
               "Choice for hold time flavor.";



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           }
           description
             "Container for BFD.";
         }
         container Member-link-list {
           list member-link {
             key "name";
             leaf name {
               type string;
               description
                 "Member link name";
             }
             leaf port-speed {
               type uint32;
               description
                 "Port speed";
             }
             leaf mode {
               type neg-mode;
               description
                 "Negotiation mode";
             }
             leaf mtu {
               type uint32;
               description
                 "MTU";
             }
             container oam-802.3AH-link {
               if-feature oam-3ah;
               leaf enable {
                 type boolean;
                 description
                   "Indicate whether support oam 802.3 ah link";
               }
               description
                 "Container for oam 802.3 ah link.";
             }
             description
               "Member link";
           }
           description
             "Container of Member link list";
         }
         leaf flow-control {
           type string;
           description
             "Flow control";
         }



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         leaf encapsulation-type {
           type enumeration {
             enum VLAN {
               description
                 "VLAN";
             }
             enum ether {
               description
                 "Ethernet";
             }
           }
           description
             "Encapsulation type";
         }
         leaf ethertype {
           type string;
           description
             "Ether type";
         }
         leaf lldp {
           type boolean;
            description
              "LLDP";
         }
         description
           "LACP";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for lacp";
     }

     grouping phy-interface-grouping {
       container phy-interface {
         leaf port-number {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Port number";
         }
         leaf port-speed {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Port speed";
         }
         leaf mode {
           type neg-mode;
           description
             "Negotiation mode";
         }



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         leaf phy-mtu {
           type uint32;
           description
             "PHY MTU";
         }
         leaf flow-control {
           type string;
           description
             "Flow control";
         }
         leaf encapsulation-type {
           type enumeration {
             enum VLAN {
               description
                 "VLAN";
             }
             enum Ethernet {
               description
                 "Ethernet";
             }
           }
           description
             "Encapsulation-type";
         }
         leaf ethertype {
           type string;
           description
             "Ethertype";
         }
         leaf lldp {
           type boolean;
           description
             "LLDP";
         }
         container oam-802.3AH-link {
          if-feature oam-3ah;
          leaf enable {
            type boolean;
            description
              "Indicate whether support oam 802.3 ah link";
          }
          description
            "Container for oam 802.3 ah link.";
         }
         leaf uni-loop-prevention {
           type boolean;
           description
             "If this leaf set to truth that the port automatically



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              goes down when a physical loopback is detect.";
         }
         description
           "Container of PHY Interface Attributes configurations";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for phy interface.";
     }

     grouping lag-interface-grouping {
       container LAG-interface {
         list LAG-interface {
           key "LAG-interface-number";
           leaf LAG-interface-number {
             type uint32;
             description
               "LAG interface number";
           }
           uses lacp-grouping;
           description
             "List of LAG interfaces";
         }
         description
           "Container of LAG interface attributes configuration";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for LAG interface";
     }
     grouping l2-access-grouping {
       container dot1q {
         when "'../l2-access-type'='dot1q'";
         leaf physical-inf {
           type string;
           description
             "Physical Interface";
         }
         leaf vlan-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "VLAN identifier";
         }
         description
           "Qot1q";
       }
       container qinq {
         when "'../l2-access-type'='qinq'";
         leaf s-vlan-id {
           type uint32;



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           description
             "S-VLAN Identifier";
         }
         leaf c-vlan-id {
           type uint32;
           description
             "C-VLAN Identifier";
         }
         description
           "QinQ";
       }
       leaf sub-if-id {
         when "'../l2-access-type'='sub-interface'";
         type uint32;
         description
           "Sub interface ID";
       }
       container vxlan {
         when "'../l2-access-type'='vxlan'";
         leaf vni-id {
            type uint32;
            description
              "VNI Identifier";
         }
         list peer-list {
           key peer-ip;
           leaf peer-ip {
             type inet:ip-address;
             description
               "Peer IP";
           }
           description
             "List for peer IP";
         }
         description
           "QinQ";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for Layer2 access";
     }

     grouping ethernet-connection-grouping {
       container ethernet-connection {
         leaf ESI {
          type string;
           description
           "Ethernet segment id";
         }



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         leaf interface-description {
           type string;
           description
            "Interface description";
         }
         container vlan {
           leaf vlan-id {
             type uint32;
             description
               "VLAN-ID/Ethernet Tag configurations";
           }
           description
             "Abstract container for VLAN";
         }
         uses l2-access-grouping;
         uses phy-interface-grouping;
         uses lag-interface-grouping;
         description
           "Container for bearer";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for bearer.";
     }

     grouping evc-mtu-grouping {
       leaf evc-mtu {
         type uint32;
         description
           "EVC MTU";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for evc mtu";
     }

     grouping mac-addr-limit-grouping {
       container mac-addr-limit {
         leaf exceeding-option {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Exceeding option";
         }
         description
           "Container of MAC-Addr limit configurations";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for mac address limit";
     }




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     grouping availability-grouping {
       container availability {
           choice redundancy-mode {
             case single-active {
               leaf single-active {
                 type boolean;
                 description
                   "Single active";
               }
               description
                 "Single active case";
             }
             case all-active {
               leaf all-active {
                 type boolean;
                 description
                   "All active";
               }
               description
                 "All active case";
             }
             description
               "Redundancy mode choice";
           }
         description
           "Container of availability optional configurations";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for availability";
     }

     grouping l2cp-grouping {
       container L2CP-control {
         leaf stp-rstp-mstp {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "STP/RSTP/MSTP";
         }
         leaf pause {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "Pause";
         }
         leaf lacp-lamp {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "LACP/LAMP";
         }



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         leaf link-oam {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "Link OAM";
         }
         leaf esmc {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "ESMC";
         }
         leaf l2cp-802.1x {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "802.x";
         }
         leaf e-lmi {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "E-LMI";
         }
         leaf lldp {
           type boolean;
           description
             "LLDP";
         }
         leaf ptp-peer-delay {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "PTP peer delay";
         }
         leaf garp-mrp {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "GARP/MRP";
         }
         leaf provider-bridge-group {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "Provider bridge group reserved MAC address
              01-80-C2-00-00-08";
         }
         leaf provider-bridge-mvrp {
           type control-mode;
           description
             "Provider bridge MVRP reserved MAC address
              01-80-C2-00-00-0D";
         }
         description



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           "Container of L2CP control configurations";
        }
        description
          "Grouping for l2cp control";
     }

     grouping service-level-grouping {
       container service-level {
         leaf cos-identifier {
           type identityref {
            base cos-id;
           }
           description
             "COS Identifier [ EVC | EVC + PCP ]";
         }
         leaf color-identifier {
           type identityref {
            base color-id;
           }
           description
             "Color Identifier [ EVC | EVC + CVLAN ]";
         }
         leaf ingress-bw-profile-per-evc {
           type string;
           description
             "Ingress Bandwidth Profile per EVC";
         }
         leaf ingress-bw-profile-per-cos-id {
           type string;
           description
             "Ingress Bandwidth Profile per COS Identifier";
         }
         leaf egress-bw-profile-per-evc {
           type string;
           description
             "Egress Bandwidth Profile per EVC";
         }
         leaf egress-bw-profile-per-cos-id {
           type string;
           description
             "Egress Bandwidth Profile per COS Identifier";
         }
         leaf byte-offset {
           type uint16;
           description
             "For not including extra VLAN tags in the QoS
             calculation";
         }



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         leaf policing {
          type identityref {
           base policing;
          }
          description
            "The policing can be either one-rate,
             two-color (1R2C) or two-rate, three-color (2R3C)";
         }
         leaf perf-tier-opt {
           type identityref {
             base perf-tier-opt;
           }
           description
             "Performance tier option";
         }
         leaf COS {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Class of Service";
         }
         description
           "Container of service level configurations.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for service level.";
     }

     grouping B-U-M-storm-control-grouping {
       container B-U-M-storm-control {
          leaf BUM-overall-rate {
            type uint32;
            description
              "overall rate for BUM";
           }
           list BUM-rate-per-type {
             key "type";
             leaf type {
               type identityref {
                 base BUM-type;
               }
               description
                 "BUM type";
             }
             leaf rate {
               type uint32;
               description
                 "rate for BUM";
           }



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           description
             "List of rate per type";
         }
         description
           "Container of B-U-M-strom-control configurations";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for B-U-M-strom-control";
     }

     grouping mac-loop-prevention-grouping {
       container mac-loop-prevention {
         leaf frequency {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Frequency";
         }
         leaf protection-type {
           type identityref {
             base loop-prevention-type;
           }
           description
             "Protection type";
         }
         leaf number-retries {
           type uint32;
           description
             "Number of retries";
         }
         description
           "Container of MAC loop prevention.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for MAC loop prevention";
     }

     grouping ethernet-svc-oam-grouping {
       container Ethernet-Service-OAM {
         leaf MD-name {
           type string;
           description
             "Maintenance domain name";
         }
         leaf MD-level {
           type uint8;
           description
             "Maintenance domain level";
         }



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         container cfm-802.1-ag {
           list n2-uni-c {
             key "MAID";
             uses cfm-802-grouping;
             description
               "List of UNI-N to UNI-C";
           }
           list n2-uni-n {
             key "MAID";
             uses cfm-802-grouping;
             description
              "List of UNI-N to UNI-N";
           }
           description
             "Container of 802.1ag CFM configurations.";
         }
         uses y-1731;
         description
           "Container for Ethernet service OAM.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for Ethernet service OAM.";
     }

     grouping fate-sharing-group {
       container groups {
         leaf fate-sharing-group-size {
           type uint16;
           description
             "Fate sharing group size.";
         }
         list group {
           key group-id;
           leaf group-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Group-id the site network access
                is belonging to";
           }
           description
             "List of group-id";
         }
         description
           "Groups the fate sharing group member
            is belonging to";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for Fate sharing group.";



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     }

     grouping site-group {
       container groups {
         list group {
           key group-id;
           leaf group-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Group-id the site is belonging to";
           }
           description
             "List of group-id";
         }
         description
           "Groups the site or site-network-access
            is belonging to.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping definition to assign
          group-ids to site or site-network-access";
     }

     grouping access-diversity {
       container access-diversity {
         if-feature site-diversity;
         uses fate-sharing-group;
         container constraints {
           list constraint {
             key constraint-type;
             leaf constraint-type {
               type identityref {
                 base placement-diversity;
               }
               description
                 "Diversity constraint type.";
             }
             container target {
               choice target-flavor {
                 case id {
                   list group {
                     key group-id;
                     leaf group-id {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "The constraint will apply
                          against this particular
                          group-id";



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                     }
                     description
                       "List of groups";
                   }
                 }
                 case all-accesses {
                   leaf all-other-accesses {
                     type empty;
                     description
                       "The constraint will apply
                        against all other site network
                        access of this site";
                   }
                 }
                 case all-groups {
                   leaf all-other-groups {
                     type empty;
                     description
                       "The constraint will apply
                        against all other groups the
                        customer is managing";
                   }
                 }
                 description
                   "Choice for the group definition";
               }
               description
                 "The constraint will apply against
                  this list of groups";
             }
             description
               "List of constraints";
           }
           description
             "Constraints for placing this site
               network access";
         }
         description
           "Diversity parameters.";
       }
       description
         "This grouping defines access diversity
          parameters";
     }

     grouping request-type-profile-grouping {
       container request-type-profile {
         choice request-type-choice {



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           case dot1q-case {
             container dot1q {
               leaf physical-if {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Physical interface";
               }
               leaf vlan-id {
                 type uint16;
                 description
                   "VLAN ID";
               }
               description
                 "Container for dot1q.";
             }
             description
               "Case for dot1q";
           }
           case physical-case {
             leaf physical-if {
                type string;
                description
                  "Physical interface";
             }
             leaf circuit-id {
               type string;
               description
                 "Circuit ID";
             }
             description
               "Physical case";
           }
           description
             "Choice for request type";
         }
         description
           "Container for request type profile.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for request type profile";
     }

     grouping site-attachment-bearer {
       container bearer {
         container requested-type {
           if-feature requested-type;
           leaf requested-type {
             type string;



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             description
               "Type of requested bearer Ethernet, DSL,
                Wireless ... Operator specific.";
           }
           leaf strict {
             type boolean;
             default false;
             description
               "Define if the requested-type is a preference
                or a strict requirement.";
           }
           uses request-type-profile-grouping;
           description
             "Container for requested type.";
         }
         leaf always-on {
           if-feature always-on;
           type boolean;
           default true;
           description
             "Request for an always on access type.
              This means no Dial access type for
              example.";
         }
         leaf bearer-reference {
           if-feature bearer-reference;
           type string;
           description
             "This is an internal reference for the
              service provider.";
         }
         description
           "Bearer specific parameters.
            To be augmented.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping to define physical properties of
          a site attachment.";
     }

     grouping vpn-attachment-grouping {
       container vpn-attachment {
         leaf device-id {
           type string;
           description
             "Device ID";
         }
         container management {



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           leaf address-family {
             type identityref {
               base address-family;
             }
             description
               "Address family used for management.";
           }
           leaf address {
             type inet:ip-address;
             description
               "Management address";
           }
           description
             "Management configuration..";
         }
         choice attachment-flavor {
           case vpn-id {
             leaf vpn-id {
               type leafref {
                 path "/l2vpn-svc/vpn-services"+
                      "/vpn-svc/vpn-id";
               }
               description
                 "Reference to a VPN.";
             }
             leaf site-role {
               type identityref {
                 base site-role;
               }
               default any-to-any-role;
               description
                 "Role of the site in the IPVPN.";
             }
           }
           mandatory true;
           description
             "Choice for VPN attachment flavor.";
         }
         description
           "Defines VPN attachment of a site.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for access attachment";
     }

     grouping site-service-basic {
       container svc-input-bandwidth {
         if-feature input-bw;



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         list input-bandwidth {
           key "id type";
           leaf id {
             type string;
             description
               "ID";
           }
           leaf type {
             type identityref {
               base bw-type;
             }
             description
               "Bandwidth Type";
           }
           leaf evc-id {
             type svc-id;
             description
               "EVC ID";
           }
           leaf CIR {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Committed Information Rate";
           }
           leaf CBS {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Committed Burst Size";
           }
           leaf EIR {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Excess Information Rate";
           }
           leaf EBS {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Excess Burst Size";
           }
           leaf CM {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Color Mode";
           }
           description
             "List for input bandwidth";
         }
         description



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           "From the PE perspective, the service input
            bandwidth of the connection.";
       }
       container svc-output-bandwidth {
         if-feature output-bw;
         list output-bandwidth {
           key "id type";
           leaf id {
             type string;
             description
               "ID";
           }
           leaf type {
             type identityref {
               base bw-type;
             }
             description
               "Bandwidth Type";
           }
           leaf evc-id {
             type svc-id;
             description
               "EVC ID";
           }
           leaf CIR {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Committed Information Rate";
           }
           leaf CBS {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Committed Burst Size";
           }
           leaf EIR {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Excess Information Rate";
           }
           leaf EBS {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Excess Burst Size";
           }
           leaf CM {
             type uint32;
             description
               "Color Mode";



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           }
           description
             "List for output bandwidth";

         }
         description
           "From the PE perspective, the service output
            bandwidth of the connection.";
       }
       description
         "Grouping for site service";
     }

     grouping flow-definition {
       container match-flow {
         leaf dscp {
           type inet:dscp;
           description
             "DSCP value.";
         }
         leaf dot1p {
           type uint8 {
             range "0 .. 7";
           }
           description
             "802.1p matching.";
         }
         leaf pcp {
           type uint8;
           description
             "PCP value";
         }
         leaf src-mac {
          type yang:mac-address;
          description
            "Source MAC";
         }
         leaf dst-mac {
          type yang:mac-address;
          description
            "Destination MAC";
         }
         container cos-color-id {
           leaf device-id {
             type string;
             description
               "Device ID";
           }



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           leaf cos-label {
             type identityref {
               base cos-id;
             }
             description
               "COS label";
           }
           leaf pcp {
             type uint8;
             description
               "PCP value";
           }
           leaf dscp {
             type inet:dscp;
             description
               "DSCP value.";
           }
           description
             "Container for cos color id";
         }
         leaf color-type {
           type identityref {
             base color-type;
           }
           description
             "Color Types";
         }
         leaf-list target-sites {
           type svc-id;
           description
             "Identify a site as traffic destination.";
         }
         description
           "Describe flow matching criterions.";
        }
        description
          "Flow definition based on criteria.";
       }

       grouping site-service-qos-profile {
         container qos {
           if-feature qos;
           container qos-classification-policy {
             list rule {
               key id;
               ordered-by user;
               leaf id {
                 type uint16;



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                 description
                   "ID of the rule.";
               }
               choice match-type {
                 case match-flow {
                   uses flow-definition;
                 }
                 case match-phy-port {
                   leaf match-phy-port {
                     type uint16;
                     description
                       "Defines the physical port
                        to match.";
                   }
                 }
                 description
                   "Choice for classification";
               }
               leaf target-class-id {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Identification of the class of service.
                    This identifier is internal to the
                    administration.";
             }
             description
               "List of marking rules.";
           }
           description
             "Need to express marking rules ...";
         }
         container qos-profile {
           choice qos-profile {
             description
               "Choice for QoS profile.
                Can be standard profile or custom.";
             case standard {
               leaf ingress-profile {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Ingress QoS Profile to be used";
               }
               leaf egress-profile {
                 type string;
                 description
                   "Egress QoS Profile to be used";
               }
             }



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             case custom {
               container classes {
                 if-feature qos-custom;
                   list class {
                     key class-id;
                     leaf class-id {
                       type string;
                       description
                         "Identification of the class of
                         service. This identifier is internal
                         to the administration.";
                     }
                     leaf direction {
                       type direction-type;
                       description
                         "Direction type";
                     }
                     leaf policing {
                       type identityref {
                         base policing;
                       }
                       description
                         "The policing can be either one-rate,
                          two-color (1R2C) or two-rate, three-color
                          (2R3C)";
                     }
                     leaf byte-offset {
                       type uint16;
                       description
                         "For not including extra VLAN tags in the QoS
                          calculation";
                     }
                     leaf perf-tier-opt {
                       type identityref {
                         base perf-tier-opt;
                       }
                       description
                         "Performance tier option";
                     }
                     leaf rate-limit {
                       type uint8;
                       units percent;
                       description
                         "To be used if class must be rate limited.
                          Expressed as percentage of the svc-bw.";
                     }
                     leaf discard-percentage {
                       type uint8;



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                       default 100;
                       description
                         "The value of the discard-percentage,
                          Expressed as pecentage of the svc-bw ";
                     }
                     container frame-delay {
                       choice flavor {
                         case lowest {
                           leaf use-low-del {
                             type empty;
                             description
                               "The traffic class should use
                                the lowest delay path";
                           }
                         }
                         case boundary {
                           leaf delay-bound {
                             type uint16;
                             units msec;
                             description
                               "The traffic class should use
                                a path with a defined maximum
                                delay.";
                           }
                         }
                         description
                           "Delay constraint on the traffic
                            class";
                       }
                       description
                         "Delay constraint on the traffic
                          class";
                     }
                     container frame-jitter {
                       choice flavor {
                         case lowest {
                           leaf use-low-jit {
                             type empty;
                             description
                               "The traffic class should use
                                the lowest jitter path";
                           }
                         }
                         case boundary {
                           leaf delay-bound {
                             type uint32;
                             units usec;
                             description



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                               "The traffic class should use
                                a path with a defined maximum
                                jitter.";
                           }
                         }
                         description
                           "Jitter constraint on the traffic
                            class";
                       }
                       description
                         "Jitter constraint on the traffic
                          class";
                     }
                     container frame-loss {
                       leaf fr-loss-rate {
                         type decimal64 {
                           fraction-digits 2;
                         }
                         description
                           "Loss constraint on the traffic class";
                       }
                       description
                         "Container for frame loss";
                     }
                     description
                       "List of class of services.";
                   }
                   description
                     "Container for list of class of services.";
                 }
               }
             }
             description
               "Qos profile configuration.";
           }
           description
             "QoS configuration.";
         }
         description
           "This grouping defines QoS parameters
            for a site";
       }

       grouping service-grouping {
         container service {
           uses site-service-basic;
           uses site-service;
           leaf service-multiplexing {



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             type boolean;
             description
               "Service multiplexing";
           }
           uses site-service-qos-profile;
           description
             "Container for service";
         }
         description
           "Grouping for service.";
       }

     /* MAIN L2VPN SERVICE */

     container l2vpn-svc {
       container customer-info {
         uses customer-info-grouping;
         description
           "Container for customer information.";
        }
        container vpn-services {
          list vpn-svc {
            key "vpn-id";
            leaf vpn-id {
              type svc-id;
              description
                "Defining a service id.";
            }
            leaf svc-type {
              type identityref {
                base service-type;
              }
              description
                "Service type";
            }
            uses svc-type-grouping;
            container ethernet-svc-type {
              uses ethernet-service-type;
              description
                "Container of Ethernet service type";
            }
            leaf svc-topo {
              type identityref {
                base svc-topo-type;
              }
              description
                "Defining service topology, such as
                 point to point, multipoint to multipoint,



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                 rooted multipoint, etc.";
            }
            uses vpn-service-cloud-access; // need fixed??
            container ce-vlan-preservation {
              description
                "CE vlan preservation";
            }
            container metro-network-id {
              uses inter-mkt-service;
              uses intra-mkt-grouping;
              description
                "Container of Metro-Network ID configurations";
            }
            container L2CP-control {
              leaf stp-rstp-mstp {
                type control-mode;
                description
                  "STP/RSTP/MSTP";
              }
              leaf pause {
                type control-mode;
                description
                  "Pause";
              }
              leaf lldp {
                type boolean;
                description
                  "LLDP";
              }
              description
                "Container of L2CP control configurations";
            }
            container load-balance-options {
              uses load-balance-grouping;
              description
                "Container for load balance options";
            }
            uses site-service;
            uses service-protection;
            container sla-targets {
              description
                "Container for SLA targets";
            }
            description
              "List of vpn-svc";
          }
          description
            "Container for VPN services.";



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        }

       /* SITE */

        container sites {
          list site {
            key "site-id site-type";
            leaf site-id {
              type string;
              description
                "Site id";
            }
            leaf site-type {
              type identityref {
                base site-type;
              }
              description
                "Site type";
            }
            uses site-device;
            uses site-management;
            uses customer-location-info;
            uses site-diversity;
            uses site-vpn-policy ;
            container signaling-option {
              if-feature signaling-option;
              uses signaling-option-grouping;
              description
                "Container for signaling option";
            }
            container load-balance-options {
              uses load-balance-grouping;
              description
                "Container for load balance options";
            }
            uses operational-requirements-ops;
            container ports {
              list port {
                key "network-access-id";
                leaf network-access-id {
                  type string;
                  description
                    "Identifier of network access";
                }
                leaf remote-carrier-name {
                  when "'../site-type' = 'enni'" {
                    description
                      "Site type = enni";



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                  }
                  type string;
                  description
                    "Remote carrier name";
                }
                uses access-diversity;
                uses site-attachment-bearer;
                uses ethernet-connection-grouping;
                uses l2cp-grouping;
                uses evc-mtu-grouping;
                uses availability-grouping;
                uses vpn-attachment-grouping;
                uses service-grouping;
                uses ethernet-svc-oam-grouping;
                uses site-security;
                description
                  "List of ports";
              }
              description
                "Container of port configurations";
            }
            description
              "List of sites";
          }
          description
            "Container of site configurations";
        }

        description
          "Container for L2VPN service";
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>


9.  Security Considerations

   The YANG modules defined in this document MAY be accessed via the
   RESTCONF protocol [RFC8040] or NETCONF protocol ([RFC6241]).  The
   lowest RESTCONF or NETCONF layer requires that the transport-layer
   protocol provides both data integrity and confidentiality, see
   Section 2 in [RFC8040] and [RFC6241].  The client MUST carefully
   examine the certificate presented by the server to determine if it
   meets the client's expectations, and the server MUST authenticate
   client access to any protected resource.  The client identity derived
   from the authentication mechanism used is subject to the NETCONF
   Access Control Module (NACM) ([RFC6536]).  Other protocols to access
   this YANG module are also required to support the similar mechanism.



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   The data nodes defined in the "ietf-l2vpn-svc" YANG module MUST be
   carefully created/read/updated/deleted.  The entries in the lists
   below include customer proprietary or confidential information,
   therefore only authorized clients MUST access the information and the
   other clients MUST NOT be able to access to the information.

   o  /l2vpn-svc/customer-info/customer-info

   o  /l2vpn-svc/vpn-services/vpn-svc

   o  /l2vpn-svc/sites/site

10.  Acknowledgements

   Thanks to Qin Wu and Adrian Farrel for facilitating work on the
   initial revisions of this document.

   This document has drawn on the work of the L3SM Working Group
   expressed in [I-D.ietf-l3sm-l3vpn-service-model].

11.  IANA Considerations

   IANA is requested to assign a new URI from the IETF XML registry
   ([RFC3688]).  The following URI is suggested:


       URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-svc
       Registrant Contact: L2SM WG
       XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace


   This document also requests a new YANG module name in the YANG Module
   Names registry ([RFC6020]) with the following suggestion:


       name: ietf-l2vpn-svc
       namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-l2vpn-svc
       prefix: l2vpn-svc
       reference: RFC XXXX


12.  References

12.1.  Normative References







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   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC4448]  Martini, L., Ed., Rosen, E., El-Aawar, N., and G. Heron,
              "Encapsulation Methods for Transport of Ethernet over MPLS
              Networks", RFC 4448, DOI 10.17487/RFC4448, April 2006,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4448>.

   [RFC4761]  Kompella, K., Ed. and Y. Rekhter, Ed., "Virtual Private
              LAN Service (VPLS) Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
              Signaling", RFC 4761, DOI 10.17487/RFC4761, January 2007,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4761>.

   [RFC4762]  Lasserre, M., Ed. and V. Kompella, Ed., "Virtual Private
              LAN Service (VPLS) Using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
              Signaling", RFC 4762, DOI 10.17487/RFC4762, January 2007,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4762>.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6020>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6536]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6536, March 2012,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6536>.

   [RFC7432]  Sajassi, A., Ed., Aggarwal, R., Bitar, N., Isaac, A.,
              Uttaro, J., Drake, J., and W. Henderickx, "BGP MPLS-Based
              Ethernet VPN", RFC 7432, DOI 10.17487/RFC7432, February
              2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7432>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.




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12.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-bess-evpn-yang]
              Brissette, P., Sajassi, A., Shah, H., Li, Z.,
              Tiruveedhula, K., Hussain, I., and J. Rabadan, "Yang Data
              Model for EVPN", draft-ietf-bess-evpn-yang-01 (work in
              progress), July 2016.

   [I-D.ietf-bess-l2vpn-yang]
              Shah, H., Brissette, P., Chen, I., Hussain, I., and B.
              Wen, "YANG Data Model for MPLS-based L2VPN", draft-ietf-
              bess-l2vpn-yang-02 (work in progress), October 2016.

   [I-D.ietf-l3sm-l3vpn-service-model]
              Litkowski, S., Tomotaki, L., and K. Ogaki, "YANG Data
              Model for L3VPN service delivery", draft-ietf-l3sm-l3vpn-
              service-model-19 (work in progress), November 2016.

   [I-D.wu-opsawg-service-model-explained]
              Wu, Q., LIU, S., and A. Farrel, "Service Models
              Explained", draft-wu-opsawg-service-model-explained-05
              (work in progress), January 2017.

   [IEEE-802-1ag]
              IEEE, "802.1ag - Connectivity Fault Management", December
              2007.

   [ITU-T-Y-1731]
              ITU-T, "Recommendation Y.1731 - OAM functions and
              mechanisms for Ethernet based networks", February 2008.

   [MEF-23-2]
              MEF Forum, "Implementation Agreement MEF 23.2 : Carrier
              Ethernet Class of Service - Phase 3", August 2016.

   [RFC6624]  Kompella, K., Kothari, B., and R. Cherukuri, "Layer 2
              Virtual Private Networks Using BGP for Auto-Discovery and
              Signaling", RFC 6624, DOI 10.17487/RFC6624, May 2012,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6624>.

Authors' Addresses

   Bin Wen
   Comcast

   Email: bin_wen@comcast.com





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   Giuseppe Fioccola
   Telecom Italia

   Email: giuseppe.fioccola@telecomitalia.it


   Chongfeng Xie
   China Telecom

   Email: xiechf@ctbri.com.cn


   Luay Jalil
   Verizon

   Email: luay.jalil@verizon.com



































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